The existing instruments for atmospheric measurements, meteorological balloons and balloons, no longer satisfy the advanced tasks of science. Now the focus is on rocket probes, which can quickly reach a given area and maneuver there in different directions, collecting scientific data.
Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed their own unmanned, semi-submersible vehicle for these needs. It is a hybrid of a submarine and a probe missile launcher. The machine is autonomous and smart enough to get to a given area of the ocean on its own and launch rockets. Everything is extremely automated, and in the future, groups of such drones will be able to unite to build a network for observing various weather phenomena.
The content of the probe rocket varies over a wide range, and Chinese scientists are developing new types of sensors and sensors to measure different parameters. A typical set includes measurements of electrical conductivity, ambient temperature, ocean depth, wind strength and direction. Motion sensors are also used in combination with acoustic radars to measure the dynamics of wave motion. Chinese researchers want primarily to collect data that are usually ignored by meteorologists, and are only of interest to scientists.
In the future, the drones will also be equipped with underwater probes for monitoring the marine environment. Together with aerial rockets, this will help to get a complete picture of what is happening in the sea. The technology will make it possible to know in advance about the origin of tsunamis and tornadoes in order to have time to prepare the coast for a disaster without fuss.