For many decades, nuclear submarines were considered hidden, invulnerable and therefore the most formidable component of the strategic nuclear triad. But it looks like this is coming to an end. Advances in unmanned aerial vehicles, sonar, the latest anti-submarine systems, space reconnaissance negate the main advantages of nuclear submarines.
According to Paul Ingram, executive director of the US-British Security Information Council, the rapid development of unmanned underwater vehicles and detection equipment makes the British nuclear submarine Trident increasingly vulnerable and at the same time meaningless.
So, with the help of modern sensor technologies, it is possible to detect large underwater objects by monitoring small fluctuations in the water surface. Experts warn that as the capabilities of detection systems increase, their cost decreases, and this allows them to be deployed in the most remote regions of the oceans.
The capabilities of unmanned vehicles are growing. Recently, a successful experiment was carried out in the United States, during which one operator controlled the actions of 50 drones, coordinating among themselves during a mock attack. China is actively involved in the topic of underwater drones.
Paul Ingram is convinced that in order to avoid negative consequences, boats with higher stealth rates will have to be built, and for this, it may be necessary to launch a new Trident program.