The fate of the only Russian aircraft carrier "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov" has absorbed, it seems, all the vicissitudes of the last years of the life of the country where it was created. This is eloquently evidenced by a series of renaming ("Riga" - "Leonid Brezhnev" - "Tbilisi") up to the day when he was finally named after the outstanding Soviet naval commander Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov.
The very name of the project 11435 - "Soviet Union" speaks of its scale. About 700 enterprises of 16 union ministries took part in the development and creation of the aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" at different times. More than 8 years passed from the bookmark to the acceptance of the cruiser into the Navy.
It is worth noting that all these years there was a tense struggle with the participation of representatives of the military department, the military-industrial complex, developers, high-ranking Soviet officials before the current one was chosen from five project options.
The development of the project for the largest Soviet aircraft-carrying cruiser was entrusted to the team of the Nevsky Design Bureau in the late 70s, and in early April 1982 in Nikolaev, on the stocks of the Black Sea Shipyard, the largest in the Soviet Union, its laying took place.
The Sky Deck
Unlike its predecessors, aircraft-carrying cruisers designed for deck-mounted attack aircraft with vertical takeoff (Yak-38), "Admiral Kuznetsov" was designed for aircraft with conventional takeoff and landing. Two options for launch were considered - with a steam catapult and from an extended deck-springboard. For the sake of economy, preference was given to the second option.
The first decks of the aircraft carrier touched the chassis of the Su-27 fighter, piloted by the renowned test pilot V.G. Pugachev on November 1, 1989, and after him his colleague T.O. Aubakirov took off for the first time from the deck-springboard on the MiG-29K.
"Admiral Kuznetsov" is, in the full sense, a floating air base with a take-off deck of about 15, 000 square meters. meters, smoothly turning into a springboard with the obligatory attributes of an aircraft carrier - aerofinishers and lifts.
To train pilots of carrier-based aviation in the Crimea in the village. Saki established the Ground Testing Training Facility, better known as NITKA. Later, the complex became the property of Ukraine. Since 2013, NITKA has already settled in Russia in Yeisk, and in 2015 the training center in Saki was revived.
Not a single aviation
Of course, the aviation component is the basis of the striking power of the Admiral Kuznetsov. It can house an air wing - a group of several dozen carrier-based fighters (Su-33, MiG-29K) and helicopters (Ka-27, Ka-31). However, the use of aviation alone is out of the question. The aircraft carrier has too many enemies in the sky, on the ground, on the water and under water, which it has something to oppose.
“Admiral Kuznetsov” is very difficult to take by surprise, because it is “to the eyeballs” stuffed with the most modern electronics, as they say, for all occasions. It has several types of radars, a navigation system, communication systems, flight control systems, sonar systems, and electronic warfare equipment. All this complex electronic economy is "managed" by the "Lesorub" combat information and control system.
To destroy surface targets, "Admiral Kuznetsov" is equipped with 12 anti-ship complexes "Granit" and 6 automatic cannons AK-630. To combat submarines, two Udav missile and bomb installations with an ammunition load of 60 depth charges have been installed. From the air, the ship is reliably covered with the Kinzhal anti-aircraft missile system and the Kortik missile and artillery system.
"Admiral Kuznetsov" receives fuel from the tanker "Sergei Osipov"
According to the representative of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy A. Surov, the Russian aircraft carrier will have to undergo serious revision in the near future due to the arrival of new types of aircraft. In fact, it will already be an aircraft-carrying naval complex equipped with aircraft and helicopters of several types and purposes - information, reconnaissance and strike.