Every parent knows very well that no matter how cool his personal skills are, he still cannot always be near his children if they suddenly have a problem. Therefore, it is the direct responsibility (yes, it is the responsibility) of parents to teach their children at least the basic skills of survival in the wilderness.
And not only to teach theory, but also to teach children not to panic and not get lost in unusual conditions! Do not be afraid that children will not be able to learn this. The kids of the last century, for example, survived the war, they could stay in the taiga for weeks and nothing. It's all about the right upbringing, which already depends solely on you and on your correct example.
Basic survival skill. The child must understand what a compass and a map are, and also be able to navigate by them. He should also know about the main landmarks of the area in which he is located - rivers, mountains, lakes, main roads. Is it difficult? Not. Well, that's something, but children are perfectly guided by maps in strategic games, but here the same principle plus a minimum of additional knowledge.
Perhaps the most popular reason why a child was left alone in the forest is that something happened to the adults. Trauma, loss of consciousness, sudden onset of illness. If the child knows the basic rules of first aid, he will thereby not only be able to save his life, but also, possibly, yours.
The main difficulty here is to learn not to panic, but to act quickly and clearly. To work out the skills to automatism, so that the child knows for sure that if this happens, you need to take or give out such and such pills. What if someone breaks their arm - you need to build a splint. Will the child be able to remember this? Of course it can - in games you have to use algorithms and it is more difficult to remember and apply.
One of the possible causes of parental injury and disability is wild animals or snakes. Most often it is snakes. Therefore, the child should clearly understand that it is better to bypass this creeping garbage, and not throw stones or sticks at it. It is also worthwhile to clearly explain to the child the danger of ticks and teach how to get rid of them. This survival skill will certainly come in handy for him.
If the stay in an open area is delayed, then the child will have to somehow make a fire for himself and for you (you are considered conditionally alive, but completely incapacitated). And yes, it is extremely difficult. Even a seasoned survivalist will not always make a fire without matches, let alone a child. Therefore, yes, teach him the basic and simplest methods of making fire, but put a flint or a full-fledged NAZ in his pocket. Provided, of course, that the child understands what it is, why it is needed and how it works.
Making a fire
Teach your child how to build a fire correctly, what branches to use for this and where they can be found in principle. After all, even having successfully lit a fire, a child may stupidly not cope with maintaining it without the appropriate knowledge. It is also useful to talk about two basic principles - either the fire burns hot (for cooking), or for a long time (for spending the night and warming up). This survival skill can be critical if an incident occurs in the fall or winter and the immediate survival of all those involved in the incident depends on the presence of a fire.
Logically continues our situation. The animals are gone, first aid has been provided, the fire is somehow lit, night is approaching. We need to build some kind of shelter in case of rain. It is hardly rational to teach a child to use a knife or an ax at such a young age, but even without them, something simple can be easily built. Some kind of a lean-to hut with a bed of spruce branches (hello, ticks, but they already know how to deal with you). Also an important part of this survival skill is knowing where shelter can be placed and where it is dangerous.
Due to the extreme situation, the body begins to lose significantly more fluid than normal. Therefore, finding water and treating water is an extremely important survival skill. The child should know what kind of water can be drunk, which one needs to be boiled first, and which one is better to ignore. To do this, you will have to explain in detail about microbes, parasites and poisoning. And do not be afraid that the children will not understand - if you explain it normally, and not just say "do it this way" - they will quite understand what's what. It's also a good idea to teach him the simplest way to extract water using condensation.
Search for pasture
Honestly, this survival skill is extremely useful, but also quite dangerous. Even an experienced survivalist will not always correctly determine what is allowed and what is not. And the child's critical thinking is much less, so the simplest principles should be taught. Berries that certainly cannot be confused with poisonous, the basics of fishing, edible roots, which, again, cannot be confused with anything - this is what a child should know.
Perhaps the most important survival skill, since the child must be physically able to do what you teach him. And for this you need to instill in your child a love for sports and training. And no, by forcibly enrolling in the karate section, you will not instill it. But by personal example - very much even. Seriously, you should be a role model for your child in everything - then there will be no problems with learning. The child will want to be as cool as a folder, and not like invented heroes of computer games and films.
Okay, the child knows everything, he can list the edible roots in the nearby forests by heart, he can wander for hours over rough terrain. Now it's time to practice. After all, the best way to survive in an extreme situation is to do what you know how, at the level of automatism. Therefore, practice, practice and practice again. And, of course, a positive personal example.
The main thing to learn: your child is not an infantile idiot who does not understand what is happening around. He has your genes, so it is in your power to help him fulfill his potential. Yes, it will be difficult. But when you succeed, the child will thank you. And not only for an interesting and eventful childhood, but also for helping him become a real person.