We present to your attention the Top 9 lethal doses of various readily available substances from which you can lean back.
lethal dose - 3 bottles of vodka in one
A ppm is a thousandth of something, not necessarily alcohol. If we talk about the latter, then “1 ppm of alcohol in blood” means that each liter of human blood contains 1 ml of pure alcohol. Pure alcohol is not vodka without drinking, but something speculative, even stronger than alcohol. So, 0.5 liters of vodka is about 200 ml of pure alcohol. Drunk by a healthy 75-kilogram man, these half a liter will turn into about 2.5 ppm, which qualifies as serious intoxication. The lethal concentration of alcohol in the blood is considered to be 5-6 ppm, that is, 400-450 ml of pure alcohol drunk. This is 1-1, 25 liters of vodka (provided that the drinker does not vomit). Drink three bottles at once - and you will definitely be finished.
lethal dose -5000 tablets per day
Vitamins can also be killed. There is even such a concept - hypervitaminosis. For example, the consequences of an overdose of vitamin A: headache, dizziness, nausea, increased heart rate, loss of consciousness and seizures. Vitamin B1: liver and kidney dysfunction. Vitamin B12: increased heart rate, increased blood clotting. Vitamin D2: weakness, thirst, vomiting, fever, increased blood pressure, difficulty breathing, slowing heart rate. Vitamin E: metabolic disorders, thrombophlebitis, necrotizing colitis, renal failure, retinal hemorrhage, hemorrhagic stroke.
For fidelity it is necessary to take, of course, multivitamin complexes. To get a lethal dose, for example, vitamins A and D, you will have to take up to 5, 000 tablets. Moreover, in a short period of time, so that the body does not have time to excrete them in the urine. If you manage to overtake the kidneys, you will be finished.
lethal dose - 8 hours in the heat
One cloudless July day, spent in the Egyptian sun without protection, will be your last, pale face. It takes a person 2 to 8 hours to get severe heatstroke. First, weakness, headache, dizziness, tinnitus, then - an increase in temperature up to 40-42 ° C, nausea, increased heart rate and respiration, delirium, decreased blood pressure, loss of consciousness ... The main thing is when you feel unimportant, do not go into coolness and shade - and you're finished.
lethal dose - 94 cigarettes at a time
Completely nicotine-independent and venom-resistant rats usually die from a dose of 50 mg nicotine per kilogram of flesh. According to human studies, for you, this figure is much lower and ranges from 0.5 to 1 mg per kilogram of weight. Therefore, a strong 75-kilogram man will definitely be mowed down by 75 mg of nicotine. Considering that each classic Java cigarette contains 0.8 mg, the lethal dose is 94 cigarettes. Half a block at a time and you're done.
In December 2004, a man was brought to a hospital in the Bulgarian city of Plovdiv, who was hit by a car. Since it smelled, to put it mildly, a breathalyzer was used, which showed 9, 14 ppm. Confident that the equipment was defective, the doctors did five more different laboratory tests, each of which gave the same result. That is, in terms of the usual strong Bulgarian alcohol, the victim (which, for example, weighed the same 75 kg) passed through himself at least 1.7 liters. Remained alive, by the way.
lethal dose - 250 g in one sitting
Tested again on rats: 3 g of salt per kilogram of weight is incompatible with life, that is, a quarter of the usual kilogram pack guarantees you a lethal outcome. Another thing is how to eat these 250 g? If it works, then the body will not survive the next. Due to an excess of salt in the blood, blood pressure will sharply increase (which is dangerous in itself), and this will be accompanied by severe edema (1 g of sodium chloride leads to a retention of 100 ml of fluid in the body). Most likely, there will be edema of the brain and lungs - and as a result, as you already know, you will end.
lethal dose of -150 espresso in one gulp
If you trust all the same rats, then the lethal dose of caffeine is 192 mg per rat kilogram. For a person, this figure, depending on his weight and individual susceptibility to caffeine, varies from 150 to 200 mg. So, if you weigh 75 kg, then 15 g of caffeine are definitely deadly for you. In a good espresso, which in its native Italy is more like a sip of adrenaline, a standard “shot” (30 ml) contains no less than 100 mg of caffeine. Order 150 cups (only 4.5 l) - and you're done.
lethal dose - 8-10 liters per day
They say that every 1000 kilocalories eaten should be washed down with a liter of water. The average daily diet of a city dweller is 2000-2500 kcal. A person receives about a liter of liquid with food. The wet residue contains 1.5-2 liters of water, the daily norm of a healthy person. Excessive 3-4 times can lead to the so-called water poisoning, or water intoxication, - a violation of water-salt metabolism in the body.
Your kidneys simply do not have time to remove everything you drink from the body, the salt concentration will drop, and water will begin to fill the intracellular environment. As a result - edema of the brain, lungs and ... what else do you have there? In cases of fatal water poisoning known to medicine, people drank at least 7 liters per day in less than a day. Alone, drain the cooler during the working day and you're done.
In January 2007, the Nintendo Wii was played on the KDND radio station in Sacramento, California.
The contest was called Hold Your Wee for a Wii (something like “Don't urinate - be different”), and the participants in the studio had to drink as much water as possible without being able to “get out”. Jennifer Strange, 28, a mother of three, became one of the finalists, but did not win a prize. Later that day, she complained of a severe headache and even had to take time off from work. The next morning she was found dead - the doctors pronounced her death as a result of water intoxication. During the radio show, Jennifer drank about 7.5 liters of water.
lethal dose - more than 0.1 ampere
The no-compromise option is the electric chair, which can still be found in at least six American states. Voltage - from 1700 to 2400 volts, current strength - up to 6 amperes (life-threatening - 0.1 ampere), two discharges lasting from 20 seconds to a minute each. If everything goes according to the rules, the sentenced person loses consciousness after 1/240 seconds and dies almost instantly.
Household electricity is also dangerous. All these scenes from films where an unlucky character is killed by tossing a hairdryer in his bathtub are true.
But there are a number of factors that must converge at your point of contact with the bare wire to get you killed. Theoretically, taking a long nail with a wet hand and thrusting it into a regular outlet with a voltage of 220 volts, you will receive a discharge of current with a strength of up to 0.1-0.2 amperes (and the maximum current at which a person is still able to tear his hand off the contact on his own, - 0.01 ampere). After 1-3 seconds, respiratory paralysis will occur, heart failure - and you're finished.
American Michael Anderson Goodwin spent several years in a South Carolina prison awaiting execution for premeditated murder. The electrocution was to take place at the end of 1989. True, in March of the same year, the court commuted the sentence to life imprisonment. Shortly thereafter, Goodwin, sitting on a metal toilet in his cell, undertook to fix a TV plugged in and, hitting a live wire, carried out the original sentence.
lethal dose - 500, 000 bites
A female mosquito, which weighs an average of 2.6 mg, can suck your blood twice as much as her weight, that is, about 5 mg, or 0.05 ml. Blood is about 7% of the total body weight, 5-5.5 liters for an average man. A person without harm to himself can lose up to 15% of blood, but a one-time loss of 2-2, 5 liters is already considered fatal. Thus, if during a short walk through the summer forest you allow half a million female mosquitoes to bite you, then you are definitely finished.