10 technologies for the next 10 years

We are lucky to be born and live in an incredible time of development of science and technology. We know the approximate rate of development of both, but we have no idea what this rate will be by the end of our life. Things that have long been considered science fiction are becoming components of our lives day in and day out. In the next ten years, the world may present us with gifts that cannot be refused.

The amazing thing about all these scientific discoveries is that they give rise to technologies that further accelerate technological progress. Our ability to innovate grows exponentially as the years go by. To give you an idea of ​​the significance of this progression, here are 10 innovations that should change our lives by 2020.

1. Biotechnology

Yes, until these technologies give you the ability to break stones with your hands, but allow people without fingers to have fully functional hands that can lift objects and work with fragile objects. They are completely controlled by the power of thought and do not require surgery. Touch Bionics, the company that develops the Pro Digits arm, can install the arm complete with "living skin, " a plastic coating that resembles living human skin, for as little as $ 50, 000. A small price to pay for a new hand.

2. Architecture

Although Dubai is known today for being overly extravagant, engineers are building buildings in different regions that have very interesting and practical applications.

This beautiful building will be constructed from 59 independent rotating modules / floors, so residents will be able to see a different picture outside the window. Each floor will rotate at a speed of about 6 meters per minute, so residents will not even notice its movement. The independent rotation will also give the building an ever-changing look that depicts a highly complex structure.

All of this aesthetic is quite appealing, but the real innovation is hidden in the wind turbines built between each floor. The clean energy from their work will be enough to power the tower and several buildings nearby.

3. Computer speed, size and usability

Most of our site visitors are aware of Moore's Law (the number of transistors that we can inexpensively fit into a computer chip doubles every year, which means the speed doubles too). But what most don't know is that Moore himself came out and said that his law will most likely successfully complete its work by 2020, when the number of transistors that we can cram into a chip will be limited by the laws of physics. Does this mean that the exponential growth in computer processing speed will halve in ten years?

By no means, says Jim Tully, head of semiconductor research at Gartner.

"The technology that will replace it will take a bottom-up approach where chips are assembled from individual atoms or molecules, a kind of nanotechnology."

Ray Kurzweil, a respected futurist, stated in 2008 that when molecular computing like this appears by 2020, computers will have the intelligence of humans. You may need to think about it for a minute before moving on to the next point.

MacBook Air is a very thin laptop. So thin that it makes you wonder: what will computers be like by 2020? According to developers at Intel, there will be no need for a keyboard and mouse. Who needs them when you can control a computer with the power of your mind?

“We're trying to prove that you can do interesting things with brain waves, ” says Intel developer Dean Pomerlo. “Eventually, people will get used to brain implants. Imagine being able to surf the web with the power of your thoughts. "

Pomerloh and countless research groups around the world are working on devices to scan the brain to display blood flow. They found that when different people focus on the same image, their brains exhibit similar patterns of blood flow. One British group even reported that it was able to distinguish between the types of virtual space people represented based on how the blood flow in their brains took on.

4. Machines and fuels

There are many different fuels for the so-called cars of tomorrow, but the only one that has a real chance of being used in the next ten years is electricity. We still can't figure out how to make hydrogen fuel cells efficient, safe and practical, and hybrid cars are a thing of the past.

This is the Tesla Model S sedan, which Elon Musk has promised will sell in a year or two for around $ 35, 000. In addition, with the recent announcement that Tesla is ready to share its technology with everyone, there is no doubt that electric vehicles are evolving and will soon fill the market.

5. How we interact with the world

The way in which we interact with the outside world has seriously changed since the advent of the Internet, smartphones and other benefits of civilization. In the very near future, there will be another huge leap forward: the integration of information on the Internet with our environment. The so-called Internet of Things.

We will be able to look at a structure, product or place and immediately get all the information about that item. Ordinary smartphones or glasses from Google will help us with this. Whatever we use, augmented reality is sure to become a constant companion by 2020.

6. Energy

Solar power will soon leave fossil fuels far behind. The cost of one watt of solar energy is falling rapidly, and the total amount of solar energy is growing exponentially. In fact, it has doubled every two years for the past twenty years.

These technologies are being helped by companies like Sandia. Back in 2010, Sandia introduced solar panels that require 100 times less material to develop than modern solar panels, although they work with the same efficiency. In addition, analytics systems for the competent management of solar panels or wind farms provide additional efficiency. These technologies were included in the list of the ten most significant technologies of 2014 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

7. Health

While we still can't cure a cold with a snap of our fingers, custom-made organs are the reality of tomorrow. Organovo developed the first commercial 3D bioprinter a few years ago that builds organs cell by cell. Each individual cell is grown from a human cell that needs organs. Already, scientists have found a way to grow veins and arteries on such a printer, and the first printed heart and liver will appear within ten years.

More generally, nanotechnology is revolutionizing the world of health. The astonishing combination of understanding how DNA works and creating extremely small cellular parts is shaping a very bright future for medicine. Genome editing and potential genetic treatments for diseases such as schizophrenia, autism and PTSD are just around the corner.

8. Equal opportunity

Of course, no one says how a certain Vasya Pupkin emerges from the gloom and immediately receives recognition and fame. The Internet has become an excellent platform for work, so now you don't need millions to realize your idea - you can contact people on a crowdfunding service and raise money for even the craziest idea.

10 year old high school students make thousands by making viral YouTube videos. Anyone with a business idea can start with a website and hit the right amount quickly. Even Twitter can be a way to grab attention if you put the flow in the right direction.

The Internet has become more than just a convenient mechanism for doing business. He put everyone on the same level in terms of opportunities - both big business sharks and ordinary dreamers.

9. Robots

The first decade of the 21st century was a great time for innovation in the field of robotics. It just paved the way for a general obsession with robots of various types. While we're a long way from creating maid robots to help us around the house, companies like Google are making great strides in creating useful and innovative robots of all kinds.

Robots already know how to portray their emotions, react to yours, lift cars and balance on one leg. Nobody knows what will happen tomorrow, but the prospects for this area are very, very great.

10. Nanotechnology in clothing

Nanofibers will make the garment extremely comfortable and durable. In addition, the product will suit your personal preferences even before you wear it.

Nanogenerators based on nanofibers will be able to generate electrical energy into clothing from your movements, ultrasonic waves and even blood flow. If you can combine these fibers into two or three layers of clothing, you can create a flexible, foldable and wearable power source that allows people to generate electricity when they walk.

Hydrophobic (water-resistant) nanofibers will allow you to make completely waterproof clothing. She will be able to lie in the water for two months and will remain dry to the touch. What else would you like?