New Year in China - lasts almost 2 weeks, since since ancient times New Year in China has been the longest and most important holiday. New Year celebrations last 2 weeks and end with a Lantern Traveler (Yuanxiao).
Celebrate the New Year 2 times: January 1, and on the day when the full moon cycle ends and a new wave comes. Simply put, the traditional New Year's Day is celebrated on the day when after December 21, the second new year will come. Sitting according to the ancient Chinese calendar, the Chinese enter the 48th century. According to it, this country appears in 4702. China passed over to the Gregorian calendar only in 1912. New 2013 on the lunar calendar in China will be held on February 10.
According to the established tradition, any household chores and preparations for celebrating the New Year must be completed at the beginning of the holiday, and any cleaning must start from the threshold and end in the middle of the dwelling. By the evening in front of the party all the inventory should be tucked away in inconspicuous places. In China, they believe in an ancient legend, because from time immemorial in the eve of the New Year, the gods endow each house with luck for the coming year. According to legend, luck settles in the form of dust in the canun and during the celebration of this event, so that if someone will be found or removed during the New Year, then it risks dumping the luck and despair.
On the last day of the old year, after all the pre-holiday chores are over in the house, the entrance doors to every Chinese house are tightly closed and pasted with strips of reddish flowers. Indeed, the red color in China is considered the color of happiness. If you do not do this, then happiness can leave you at home. It is necessary to unstick the entrance doors early in the morning, now already so that the joy, happiness and good fortune of the New Year can quickly penetrate into your home.
For the new year in China, they also decorate their own-shaped Christmas trees. Their tyt is called the Tree of Light. Decorate such trees with bright beautiful lanterns, garlands and flowers. The Chinese decorate their dwellings with the same little toys.
As well as a holiday dinner in other countries, the Chinese New Year's dinner is, first of all, a family holiday, where the whole family meets at the same table. Dinner begins only when all the present family members have gathered. Also provided are places for those who, for whatever reason, are absent at the New Year celebrations. The festive dinner is always hearty and plentiful. Chicken, fish and soy cheese are necessarily put on the table, because the names of these products in the Chinese language are concordant with the words meaning "good luck" and "happiness". Even for the New Year, there are dumplings ("jiaozi") and "niangao" (slices made from sticky rice). The word "jiaozi" is in tune with the words "the lead of the old and the meeting of the new." And the dumplings resemble in their form the ingots of gold and silver, traditional for China, that is, they symbolize the desire for wealth. "Niangao" - symbolizes the improvement of life every year.
The festive New Year's dinner always ends with the distribution of "money of happiness". Adults give children red envelopes with money invested in them, which, as expected, will bring good luck throughout the whole new year.
Chinese Grandfather Moroz is called Dun Che Lao Ren (Grandfather of Birth). It is he who brings gifts to the children and puts them in specially prepared stockings.
The most famous New Year tradition in China is the lighting of fireworks, as well as explosions of petards, which do not stop during the entire first New Year's day. It all began with the legend that on the eve of the New Year evil spirits, expelled from different places, are looking for a new home, having found a suitable house, they settle in it and are going to come to the place. So the noise at the meeting of the New Year is meant to ward off evil from your threshold.
In China, the New Year tradition of Buddha's bathing has been preserved. On this day, all the statues of Buddha in temples and monasteries are respectfully washed in pure water from mountain springs. And the people themselves are doused with water at that moment, when others pronounce their New Year wishes for happiness at their address. Therefore, on this holiday day, everyone walks the streets in soaking clothes.
The tradition of giving the owners two mandarins, coming to visit during the celebration of the New Year, and leaving the guests to receive from the hosts of two other mandarins, originated about 1000 BC. Such a tradition has arisen for a simple reason, in the Chinese language pronounced "para mandarin" in tune with the word "gold". The tradition of giving at the meeting of mandarins has found its response in the modern world, because, apart from everything else, the Chinese believe in magic, they are capable of attracting happiness like a giver and how to dress.
In addition to the above traditions and New Year's superstitions, there are many other unwritten folk rules and prejudices associated with the meeting of the New Year.
The first person to meet in the new year and the first word he heard from him, herald the events of the whole coming year.
To greet and congratulate someone with the onset of New Year in the bedroom is considered a bad sign, attracting 7 years of unhappiness. Therefore, on this day, even sick people should be dressed, and celebrate this event in the hall, together with the whole family.
On the first day of the New Year, you cannot use a leg or scissors, since, according to popular examples, you can cut off your luck in this way.