The historic center of Salzburg is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
This city is famous, first of all, for its annual music festival, when many thousands of tourists come here. Salzburg generally bears the unofficial title of the "musical capital" of Austria (see interesting facts about Austria).
About a third of all Salzburg residents work in the tourism sector.
For a long time, the basis of the city budget was the extraction and sale of salt.
It is here that one of the oldest breweries in the world is located, opened in 1492 and still working today - Stiegl-Brauwelt. However, there is also a brewery in Ireland, which is about half a thousand years old (see interesting facts about Ireland).
In the 14th century, a monstrous plague that ravaged Europe claimed the lives of a third of the entire population of Salzburg.
During the Reformation, Salzburg was one of the main strongholds of Catholicism in German lands. Already in 1731, the Protestants were expelled from the city.
Salzburg is the birthplace of the famous composer Mozart.
One of the main attractions of Salzburg is the Nonnberg convent, founded by Saint Rupert. Nonnberg is the oldest functioning convent in Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
The inhabitants of Salzburg have an unusual historical nickname - "bullwashers". Most likely, it is due to the fact that once local butchers washed fresh meat right in the waters of the fast Salzach River.