Often we know so little about donation that even realizing the necessity of this procedure for many people, we cannot get rid of doubts. Somewhere deep inside ourselves, on a subconscious level, we perceive the process of blood donation as something dangerous - and now the usual donation of blood is already overgrown with a number of curious myths and misconceptions.
Myth one: donating blood is dangerous to health
This myth cannot be refuted unequivocally. When deciding for yourself whether to donate blood or not, you need to weigh several pros and cons - specific circumstances decide everything.
Each potential donor is tested, and if it is found that the procedure may harm your health, then you will not be allowed to do so.
At the same time, long-term observations of the health of donors have shown that the body of people who regularly donate blood is more adapted to stress and blood loss, and it recovers faster after injuries. Bloodletting is known to have some stimulating effect, which is why many regular donors are cheerful and active.
Donating blood does not force the body to produce more blood, but it "hardens" the cardiovascular, immune and other systems of a healthy person's body. Although dizziness or slight faintness may occur after the procedure, these sensations are normal and will go away quickly.
Myth two: donating blood, you can get infected with something.
In fact, donating blood for a donor who has undergone examination and admitted to donation is no more dangerous than the usual donation of blood for analysis in a polyclinic. All systems used for blood collection are disposable and completely sterile. And the procedure itself does not cause much discomfort - the sensations are limited to slight pain when the needle is pricked.
Myth three: I am not a good donor, I have enough of my health problems
On the one hand, any relatively healthy person between the ages of 18 and 65 and weighing at least 50 kg can become a donor. On the other hand, like any other medical intervention, blood donation has its own contraindications. They can be absolute (permanent) and relative (temporary). You cannot become a blood donor if you have such serious diseases as HIV infection, syphilis, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, blood diseases, cancer, drug addiction and others.
Temporary contraindications include recent tooth extraction, tattooing or piercing, acute infectious diseases (such as the flu), vaccinations, taking certain medications and alcohol, low hemoglobin in the blood, as well as menstruation, abortion, pregnancy and lactation in women. All these relative contraindications have a "validity period" after which you can donate blood.
Myth the fourth: today they came up with blood substitutes, donation is yesterday
We will not hesitate to go to donate blood if trouble happens to our family.
But blood is needed all the time, every second someone desperately needs it. And, unfortunately, donor blood is always in short supply in Russia. So it turns out that for sick people every wasted minute is that very emergency. Blood is urgently needed in the treatment of people injured in accidents, severe injuries, burns, who have lost a lot of blood as a result of accidents. And they do not always have relatives who can come to the rescue on time. Blood is also needed for prosthetics, transplantation and any operation on the heart and blood vessels.
Donated blood saves lives for women with postpartum hemorrhage, newborn children, patients with leukemia, anemia or cancer.
And the larger the city, the more acutely there is a shortage of blood: after all, it is here that the leading medical centers are located, in which most people are treated.
The fifth myth: donating blood is long and difficult.
Of course, the time, which we always lack so much, will be needed to undergo the examination. Still, donating blood is an extremely simple procedure. In time, the process can take no more than one and a half hours, depending on what blood components you donate. Typically, 450 ml of blood is drawn, after which the donors are provided with lunch and two paid weekends.
After all, spending one day to save someone’s life is not that much.