Recently, Saudi Arabia officially banned the celebration of the New Year. But this state is not the only one among those where our traditional New Year's Eve goes completely unnoticed. New Year's Day on January 1 is not celebrated in many countries. Champagne on New Year's Eve, colorful fireworks, and mass celebrations - it would seem that this is not alien to the whole world. But this is not the case. Somewhere thousands of miles away, there is an ordinary Indian or Iranian snoring quietly on New Year's Eve - in the morning he will have a normal normal working day. From this issue you will learn about 5 countries for which January 1 is not a holiday.
New Year's Day on January 1 in China (Dan Yuan Day) passes quite unnoticed. Only the largest department stores and shopping malls, paying tribute to Western traditions, have artificial Christmas trees and a Santa Claus doll, and the Chinese send them electronic Christmas cards to Western friends. And this is done more for Christmas, and not for the New Year. "Tribute yuan" - means the first, starting day of the year (Yuan - means "to begin", tribute - "Dawn", or simply "day"). The New Year in China until the 20th century was celebrated according to the lunar calendar, not our usual calendar, and the Dan Yuan was celebrated on the first day of the first lunar month. On September 27, 1949, the government of the newly established People's Republic of China decided to name the first day of the lunar calendar "Spring Festival" (Chun Jie), and January 1 on the Western calendar, "Tribute Yuan." Since that time, January 1 has become an official public holiday in China. But even today, the Chinese still do not celebrate this day without realizing it as a holiday. The "Western" New Year is not a competitor to the lunar or Spring Festival.
There are many multicultural festivals in India that are very frequent. Therefore, some of them have become “optional holidays”. All agencies and offices are open these days, but staff can make time to celebrate. This applies to holidays such as New Year's on January 1st. In addition, the Indian subcontinent has several options and dates for New Years celebration. March 22 begins the New Year in India's only national calendar. In Maharashtra he is called Gudi Padwa, and in Andhra Pradesh his name is Ugadi. In Kerala, they celebrate the New Year on April 13, it is called Vishu. Sikhs call their New Year - Vayasahi. In South India, Divapali is widely celebrated in autumn, which means the new year. Indian civilization has been developing for over 4500 years.
January 1 is not a holiday in Iran, as the country lives on its own calendar. For example, now in Iran is 1392. The Iranian calendar or Solar Hijra is an astronomical solar calendar that was developed with the participation of Omar Khayyam, and has been refined several times since then. New Year is celebrated in Iran according to the calendar on the first day of spring, which corresponds to March 22 of the Gregorian calendar. New Year's holiday in Iran is called Novruz, and the first month of spring is called Favardin. Novruz is celebrated not only in Iran, but also in many countries where the legacy of the ancient Persians has been preserved. For example, Novruz starts the year in Afghanistan. On January 1, this holiday is celebrated in Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Albania and Macedonia.
In Israel, too, January 1 is a normal working day, unless, of course, the first day of the new year occurs on Saturday - a holy day for Jews. Israelis celebrate the new year in autumn - the new moon of Tishrei in the Jewish calendar (September or October). This holiday is called Rosh Hashanah. It is celebrated for 2 days and many traditions, rituals and ceremonies are associated with its celebration in Israel. As a rule, the tradition of celebrating the New Year in the sense in which it is understood in Europe and North America, in Israel is more similar to the Russian one. And here many go out, but most people traditionally try to make time and celebrate the New Year with family and friends.
Religious police in Saudi Arabia have warned citizens and foreigners living in the Kingdom of the ban on New Year's celebration. A special unit of law enforcement filing inadmissibility regarding celebration led a fatwa (religious injunction in Islam) was issued by the Supreme Committee of Islamic Preachers since Muslims follow the lunar calendar. The police are turning to shops selling flowers and gifts so that they do not sell many products that can be bought on the occasion of this celebration. The police have complete control over the implementation of the rules in the purely conservative Saudi Arabia. Often, however, there are reported cases of abuse of power by the agency resulting in victims. New Year in the Islamic calendar is celebrated at the spring equinox on March 21, which almost always corresponds to the first day of the holy month of Muharram. The chronology goes from Khegir (July 16, 622 BC E.) - The date of the resettlement of the Prophet Muhammad and the first Muslims from Mecca to Medina.