Waterfalls are an amazing natural phenomenon, mesmerizing with their beauty and sometimes frightening with their power. Where they are, waterfalls are invariably extremely popular tourist destinations. Perhaps, the falling tons of water with a crash is a sight that is worth seeing with your own eyes at least once in your life.
The highest waterfall in the world is located in Venezuela, in the Canaima National Park. Streams of water fall from one mountain plateau to another from a height of 1034 meters. This waterfall is called Angel (translated as "Angel"), it got its name in honor of the aviator James Angel - in 1933 he flew over the waterfall, trying to see from the air the deposits of diamonds, which the aborigines spoke about. It is interesting that this waterfall falls from a mountain called Auyantepui, which translates as "Devil's Mountain".
The widest waterfall on Earth is the Khon Cascade in Laos. The total width of this waterfall on the Mekong River exceeds 10 kilometers.
Another powerful waterfall is Victoria, located in West Africa. It falls from a height of 1800 meters and a width of 1800 meters. This is the only waterfall in the world that is simultaneously over a kilometer wide and over 100 meters high.
The famous Niagara Falls is constantly in motion - it shifts 70-90 centimeters per year. It may seem that this is very little, but by now the waterfall has already moved more than a dozen kilometers from its place of origin. If the movement continues, in 20 thousand years Niagara will reach Lake Erie and disappear forever.
The noise of Niagara during the day can be heard 2 kilometers from the falls, at night - as much as 7 kilometers.
The European "Land of Waterfalls" is Norway. Moreover, 14 waterfalls from those that are located on the territory of this state are the highest on the European continent, and 3 are among the ten largest waterfalls in the world in terms of height.
Scientists have found that the noise of a waterfall has a beneficial effect on the human psyche, calming it down and helping to cope with stress.
The rumble of falling water also helps the birds navigate during migration.
The most famous valley of waterfalls in Russia is called "Thirty-three waterfalls on the Dzhegosh stream", it is located in the Caucasus, not far from Sochi. The waterfalls here are no higher than 10 meters, the length of the cascade is about one and a half kilometers.
There are waterfalls not only on land, but also at the bottom of the world's oceans. It is extremely difficult to study and observe them, but it is known for certain that there are at least 7 such waterfalls. They arise in places with a difficult bottom topography, due to the difference in temperature and salinity of the water. The largest underwater waterfall is located between Greenland and Iceland, in the Gulf of Denmark. Its dimensions are impressive - the height is 4 kilometers, the length is 200 kilometers.
The largest waterfall, created by human hands, appeared in Italy thanks to the works of the Romans. The height of the Cascata del Marmores is 165 meters.
In Antarctica there is a "bloody" waterfall - its jets are rusty-red, and the reason for this is the high concentration of iron oxide in the water. The unusual waterfall flows from the Taylor Glacier, and its source is a lake covered with 400 meters of ice.