Interestingly, the first chariot taxis existed in ancient Rome. On the axis of the chariot, a "taximeter" was fixed, which was an ordinary basin, into which after each stage (about 200 meters) a pebble fell. Payment was made according to the number of pebbles in the basin at the end of the trip. At the outbreak of World War I in September 1914, as the German army approached Paris, the French mobilized over 1, 000 city taxis to transport additional forces to the front. The Germans were stopped, and the cars were historically called "Marne taxis". During World War II, most of the taxi cars were confiscated by the Reich, and there was almost no gasoline either. Many European countries have switched to muscle traction: bicycles, connected to wheelchairs-trailers for passengers, have become a kind of taxis.
Interestingly, the idea of this kind of taxi as a rickshaw belongs to three Japanese - Yosuke Izumi, Tokujiro Suzuki and Kosuke Takayama; in any case, it was they who in 1870 received official permission in Tokyo for the manufacture and sale of such carts. In China, more than 35% of local taxi drivers are women. In the 18th century, an enterprising Frenchman founded the inn of horse-drawn carriages "Fiacre" (as they were called) became the world's first hired public carriages. Yellow was chosen at the beginning of the 20th century by the Yellow Cab company, which established the production of cars designed to work only as a taxi.
The motivation is simple: yellow taxis were visible from afar. The first checkers appeared on the cars of the American company Checker (Checker in English checkers) in the 20s of the last century in Chicago. According to another version, initially the idea to paint a taxi in bright colors belonged to the French company Renault, which for the first time put into serial production cars intended for the private transport of passengers. Renault taxis were originally red and yellow, which was necessary for their identification in the general flow of vehicles. The most expensive taxi in the world is in England (famous London cabs), followed by Italy (with its impulsive drivers), and third by Germany.
The world's largest taxi fleet is located in Mexico City - 60 thousand taxi cars! 60 years ago - an external difference from other cars was introduced for a taxi - a checkerboard strip along the sides and a light signal - a green light (means "taxi is free"). The highest payment for the meter was 70, 000 Finnish marks (about 15 thousand dollars). That is how much two travelers paid for a trip over a distance of 23, 000 km. Leaving the city of Nokia (Finland), they drove a taxi all over Scandinavia, got to Spain and came back. The only taxi museum in the world was opened in Moscow in 1975.