Facts about wolves and their unique characters

The wolf is the only animal that can go into battle against a stronger opponent. If he lost the battle, then until his last breath he looks into the eyes of the enemy, after which he dies.

And some more interesting facts about wolves:

  • Under certain weather conditions, wolves can hear sounds at a distance of 9 kilometers in the forest, and 16 kilometers. in an open area.
  • The Vikings wore wolf skins and drank the wolf blood they took with them before battle to raise their fighting spirit.
  • The earliest depictions of wolves are found in caves in southern Europe, over 20, 000 years old.
  • The wolf cannot be tamed and made a guard dog, he is afraid of strangers and will hide from them, and not bark.
  • The autoimmune disease "lupus", or tuberculosis of the skin, literally means "red wolf" because in the eighteenth century, doctors believed that the disease developed after a wolf bite.
  • Wolves distinguish about 200 million shades of smell, humans only 5 million. The wolf family is able to smell other animals at a distance of 1.5 kilometers.
  • The eyes of wolf puppies are always blue at birth. They only turn yellow by eight months.
  • The gestation period of a she-wolf is about 65 days. Wolf puppies are born deaf and blind, and weigh only half a kilogram.
  • Wolves were once the most common land-based predator, the only places they did not live are deserts and rainforests.
  • Great pressure is generated by the teeth in the cleft palate, about 300 kilograms per square centimeter (compared to 150 kg / cm2 for a dog).
  • The population of the North American gray wolf in 1600 was 2 million. Today, there are no more than 65, 000 of them left in North America.
  • A hungry wolf can eat 10 kilograms of meat in one sitting, as if a person ate a hundred hamburgers in one sitting.
  • A pack of wolves may consist of two or three individuals, and maybe ten times as many
  • Wolves are descended from ancient animals called "Mesocyon", which lived about 35 million years ago. It was a small dog-like animal with short legs and a long body. Perhaps they, like wolves, lived in packs.
  • Wolves can swim up to 13 kilometers, helping themselves with small membranes between their toes when moving in the water.
  • Between 1883 and 1918, more than 80, 000 wolves were killed in the US state of Montana alone.
  • Adolf Hitler (whose name means "leading wolf") was fascinated by wolves and sometimes demanded to be called "Mister Wolf" or "conductor Wolf" as a pseudonym. "Wolf's Gorge" (Wolfsschlucht), "Wolf's Lair" (Wolfschanze) and "Werewolf" (Wehrwolf) were Hitler's codenames for various military headquarters.
  • In the 1600s, Ireland was called "Wolfland" because there were so many wolves there at that time. Wolf hunting was the most popular sport among the nobility, who used wolfhounds to locate the wolf and kill it.
  • Biologists have determined that wolves will respond to humans who mimic wolf howls. Strange if it were different ...
  • In 1927, a French police officer was convicted of shooting a boy whom he believed to be a werewolf. In the same year, the last wild wolf was killed in France.
  • When Europeans sailed to North America, the wolf became the most popular game of hunting animals in American history. These animals were on the verge of extinction at the beginning of the 20th century. The US federal government even enacted a program to eradicate wolves in the western states in 1915.
  • The dire wolves ("canis dirus") are one of the prehistoric wolves that lived in North America about two million years ago. They hunted mainly for prey of such sizes as mammoths.
  • Wolves can run at a speed of 32 km / h for a minute or two, and in moments of danger or pursuit - up to 56 km / h. It has been noticed that during the day they run "trot" (about 8 km / h) and can travel at this speed throughout the day.
  • The smallest representatives of wolves live in the Middle East, where they weigh no more than 30 kilograms. The largest wolf individuals live in Canada, Alaska, and Russia, where they gain weight up to 80 kilograms.
  • Wolves howl to communicate with scattered members of their group to rally before the hunt, or to warn rivals of other packs to stay away from them. Lone wolves howl to attract partners or simply because they are alone. In fact, the wolf howl lasts no more than 5 seconds, just because of the echo it seems that the sound is longer.
  • The reflective layer in the wolf's eyes, called the tapetum lucidum (Latin for bright tapestry), glows in the dark and also contributes to night vision in the animal.
  • Where wolves live, crows (sometimes called "wolfbirds") are common. The crows partly follow the packs of wolves in order to peck the remains of the hunt, and also use the wolves as protection.
  • Pliny the Elder, a first-century Greek scientist, says that a she-wolf rubs her puppies' gums with her tongue to relieve pain when they appear. He also believed that wolf manure could be used to treat stomach cramps and cataracts.
  • The Aztecs used wolf liver in the treatment of melancholy as an ingredient in medicines. They also stabbed the dying man's chest with a sharpened wolf bone in an attempt to delay the date of death.
  • During the Middle Ages, Europeans used wolf liver powders to relieve pain during childbirth.
  • The Greeks believed that if someone ate the meat of a wolf that kills lambs, they were at high risk of becoming a vampire.
  • The Cherokee did not hunt wolves because they believed that the brothers of the slain would take revenge on them. In addition, the weapon that killed the wolf was considered "tainted".
  • The British King Edgard imposed a special annual tax of 300 skins for Wales, and the Welsh wolf population was quickly wiped out.
  • In 1500, the last wild wolf was killed in England, in 1700 in Ireland, and in 1772 on Danish soil.
  • Germany was the first country to place the wolf population under conservation laws in 1934. Under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche (born 1844-d.1900) and Oswald Spengler (born 1880-d.1936), society became convinced that natural predators matter much more than their value after being killed. By the way, in Germany all wild wolves were exterminated by the middle of the nineteenth century.
  • Unlike other animals, wolves have a variety of distinctive facial movements that they use to communicate and maintain relationships within a pack.
  • The Japanese word for wolf is described as "great god."
  • Between 6, 000 and 7, 000 wolf skins are still traded worldwide each year. They are supplied mainly from Russia, Mongolia and China, and are most often used for sewing coats.
  • Simple wolf traps are still used in India today. These traps are holes camouflaged with branches and leaves. Wolves fall into the hole on sharp stakes, and people finish them off with stones from above.
  • Wolves were the first animals to be protected under the 1973 Endangered Act.
  • The famous poem "Lycidas" by John Milton is named after the Greek "wolf cub" lykideus.
  • In the world of Harry Potter, there was a werewolf Remus Lupine, whose name is directly related to the Latin word "lupus", but the last name most likely comes from Remus, the founder of Rome, who was fed by wolves.
  • The last wolf in Yellowstone Park was killed in 1926. In 1995, people managed to resume the wolf population, and after ten years, approximately 136 wolves roam the park, huddled in 13 packs.
  • There are currently about 50, 000 wolves in Canada and Alaska, 6, 500 in the United States. On the European continent, in Italy - less than 300, in Spain about 2000, in Norway and Sweden - less than 80. There are about 700 wolves in Poland, and 70 thousand in Russia.