If you are going to spend a vacation on another planet, it is important to learn about possible climatic changes :) Seriously, many people know that most of the planets in our solar system have extreme temperatures that are not suitable for quiet living. But what exactly are the temperatures on the surface of these planets? Below I offer a small overview of the temperatures of the planets in the solar system.
Mercury is the planet closest to the Sun, so one would assume that it is constantly glowing like an oven. However, while the temperature on Mercury can reach 427 ° C, it can also drop to a very low temperature of -173 ° C. Such a large difference in temperature of Mercury occurs because it has no atmosphere.
Venus, the second closest planet to the Sun, has the highest average temperatures of any other planet in our solar system, with temperatures regularly reaching 460 ° C. Venus is so hot because of its proximity to the Sun and its dense atmosphere. The atmosphere of Venus is composed of dense clouds containing carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide. This creates a strong greenhouse effect that traps the sun's heat in the atmosphere and turns the planet into a furnace.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is still the only planet known for its ability to support life. The average temperature on Earth is 7.2 ° C, but it varies with large deviations from this indicator. The highest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 70.7 ° C in Iran. The lowest temperature has been recorded in Antarctica, and it reaches -91.2 ° C.
Mars is cold because, firstly, it does not have an atmosphere to maintain high temperatures, and secondly, it is located relatively far from the Sun. Since Mars has an elliptical orbit (it gets much closer to the Sun at some points in its orbit), then during the summer its temperatures can deviate by 30 ° C from normal in the northern and southern hemispheres. The minimum temperature on Mars is approximately -140 ° C, and the highest is 20 ° C.
Jupiter does not have any solid surface, as it is a gas giant, so it does not have any surface temperature either. At the top of Jupiter's clouds, the temperature is about -145 ° C. As you descend closer to the center of the planet, the temperature increases. At a point where atmospheric pressure is ten times that of Earth, the temperature is 21 ° C, which some scientists jokingly call "room temperature." In the core of the planet, temperatures are much higher, reaching around 24, 000 ° C. For comparison, it's worth noting that Jupiter's core is hotter than the Sun's surface.
As with Jupiter, the temperature in the upper atmosphere of Saturn remains very low - down to about -175 ° C - and increases as it approaches the center of the planet (up to 11, 700 ° C at the core). Saturn actually generates heat itself. It generates 2.5 times more energy than it receives from the Sun.
Uranus is the coldest planet with the lowest recorded temperature of -224 ° C. Although Uranus is far from the Sun, this is not the only reason for its low temperatures. All other gas giants in our solar system emit more heat from their cores than they receive from the sun. Uranus has a core with a temperature of approximately 4737 ° C, which is only one-fifth of the temperature of Jupiter's core.
With temperatures as high as -218 ° C in Neptune's upper atmosphere, this planet is one of the coldest in our solar system. Like the gas giants, Neptune has a much hotter core, which is around 7000 ° C.
Below is a graph showing planetary temperatures in both Fahrenheit (° F) and Celsius (° C). Please note that Pluto has not been classified as a planet since 2006