In April 1986, the largest disaster in the history of modern energy occurred - the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Even now, almost 30 years later, its effects are still being felt.
After the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the release of radioactive radiation was greater than during the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined.
The causes of the disaster are poor reactor design and poorly trained personnel. This is the worst human accident.
After the explosion, radioactive radiation went far beyond the borders of the USSR. It has become one of the key problems in European health care. Pregnant women were advised to have an abortion, as the risk of having children with deviations was very high.
70% of radioactive contamination accounted for Belarus, the border with which runs only 10 km from the scene.
To prevent further spread of radiation, a protective structure - a sarcophagus - was erected over the station block. Its service life is 30 years, after which it will lose its ability to block radiation.
Incredibly, the territory near Chernobyl turned out to be very attractive for various animals: wild boars, moose, eagles. For human habitation, according to scientists, this area will be unsuitable for the next 20, 000 years.
During the liquidation of the accident and its consequences, 800 thousand people were involved. Today 25 thousand of them are dead and 70 thousand are disabled. Perhaps the very first casualties were firefighters who arrived to extinguish the fire, not knowing what exactly happened, and not having any means of protection against radiation. They all died within a few days. Due to the high level of radiation, the bodies of the deceased were placed in lead coffins.
Today, about 500 people live within the “exclusion zone”. These are, for the most part, old people who can choose any housing for themselves in an abandoned city.
When carrying out any work near the accident site, it is considered safe for health to stay in the “exclusion zone” for no more than two weeks.