1. Watermelon is 92% water. For comparison, the body of a jellyfish is about 95% water, the body of a newborn baby is 80%, and the body of an adult is 65-70%.
2. The pulp of watermelon contains 5, 5-13% of easily digestible natural sugars. By the time of ripening, fructose and glucose predominate in it, and sucrose accumulates during storage. A ripe fruit is saturated with fructose, which does not cause an insulin stress in the pancreas. Therefore, small doses of watermelon can also be used for diabetes.
3. The red color of the flesh of the watermelon is given by the carotenoid pigment lycopene. It contains more watermelon than any other fresh fruit or vegetable. Lycopene is a strong natural antioxidant, it is able to prevent the development of cancerous tumors, helps with male infertility, slows down the aging process, and reduces the risk of cancer of the prostate, uterus and esophagus in humans.
4. The Russian name for watermelon was derived from the Turkic word χarbuz / karpuz, which was borrowed from the Persian language. The word "harbuza" (χarbūza, χarbuza) translated from Persian means "melon", and the literal meaning of this word is "a huge cucumber" or "a cucumber the size of a donkey."
5. The homeland of watermelons is the Kalahari Desert in South Africa. There are still small wild watermelons (about the size of a tennis ball) and weighing about 200 grams. More than 4000 years ago, watermelons began to be grown in ancient Egypt.
6. Watermelons were brought to Western Europe during the era of the Crusades about 700-900 years ago. Watermelons came to Russia from eastern and southern countries by sea through Astrakhan. But sowing them, and not importing them from other countries, began only in the middle of the 17th century. At that distant time, watermelons were not eaten fresh. While watermelons were brought to the royal table from abroad for a long time, they lost their freshness and became unsuitable for fresh consumption. Therefore, watermelons were eaten only after prolonged soaking and cooking in sugar syrup with spices and pepper!
7. Is watermelon a berry, fruit or vegetable? There is a widespread belief that watermelon is the largest berry known to science. In fact, the fruit of a watermelon is a multi-seeded succulent pumpkin. Common watermelon (lat.Citrúllus lanátus) is an annual herb, a melon crop of the Pumpkin family (Cucurbitaceae).
8. Today there are more than 1200 varieties of watermelons, which are grown in 96 countries around the world. These are mainly countries with warm climates.
9. Watermelon fruits in shape, size and color can vary greatly depending on the variety. Watermelons can be spherical, oval, flattened, or cylindrical. The color of the peel of a watermelon varies from white and yellow to dark green with a pattern in the form of stripes, spots, mesh. And the pulp is red, pink, raspberry, but sometimes there are watermelons with yellow or even orange pulp.
10. The people believe that there are "boys" and "girls" watermelons, and that "girls" watermelons are supposedly sweeter and have fewer seeds. In fact, this is a myth, especially considering that the watermelon is a monoecious plant (that is, the female and male flowers are on the same individual). The flowers of watermelons are unisexual, that is, they have either stamens (male flowers) or pistils (female flowers). And since there are only stamens on male flowers, no fruit is formed on them. In fact, all the fruits of watermelons are female, since the fruit is formed from the pistil of a flower.
11. Watermelon is a low-calorie product. 100 grams of watermelon contains only 30-38 calories. In addition, watermelon is a healthy dietary product. There is even a so-called "watermelon diet" (or "watermelon fasting"), which helps to lose weight, cleanse the body of toxins and toxins, and improve the functioning of the digestive system.
12. Nutritionists believe that in the absence of contraindications, an adult can consume 2-2, 5 kg of fresh watermelons per day.
13. A lot of tasty and healthy dishes can be prepared from watermelon: various salads, gazpacho, juice, sorbet, jam and candied fruits from watermelon peels, watermelon honey, and also original ice for drinks. Canned, salted, pickled watermelons.
14. A special honey "nardek" is made from the pulp of a watermelon. It is prepared by evaporating watermelon juice obtained from the pulp of ripe watermelons to the density of honey. To get just 1 kg of watermelon honey, you need 16-17 kg of sweet watermelon pulp! Only for diabetics it is better not to eat nardek, as it contains at least 60% sugar.
Top 10 countries in which the most watermelons are grown:
1. China - 63 million tons
2.Turkey - 3.8 million tons
3.Iran - 3.3 million tons
4. Brazil - 2 million tons
5. USA - 1.9 million tons
6. Egypt - 1.9 million tons
7.Russia - 1 million tons
8. Mexico - 1 million tons
9.Uzbekistan - 840 thousand tons
10. Republic of Korea - 741 thousand tons.