Could it be that many years ago a few influential people were conceived by the largest adventure in the history of mankind, which eventually turned out to be successful? And we are not talking about the distortion of some events like wars or reigns, but about ... adding several centuries to the historical chronology.
The so-called "hypothesis of phantom time", proposed by two German scientists, Herbert Iligom and Gansa Ulrich Nimitsa, argues that the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Otton III entered into collusion with the ruler of Byzantium and Pope Sylvester II to add non-existent 297 years in the historical chronicle. How is it possible and why did they need it? Let's deal with.
Many have heard of the history of the Western world as dark centuries. They came after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, when the once mighty state was estimated by the streams of various peoples that gone to the West. The most basic thing is that the dark centuries are known - this is what they existed. Briefly told about the activities of some key figures of this period, for example, about Frankish Korle Charley, official historiography smoothly moves to the early Middle Ages period, which is already starting to take a different detail. From 6 to 10th century, our era remains a gaping hole in historical chronicles, which can not not surprise historians.
It is believed that during this period, Western people did not make absolutely nothing interesting in the historical plan - a stormy boiler from a mixture of various peoples who arrived to the West, continued to boil for several more centuries, until finally came the era of the Middle Ages. During this period, science and education in Western Europe were at an extremely low level than and explained by the scarce of historical chronicles. This is especially true for the VII, VIII and IX centuries, which we have almost nothing unknown.
So, after falling in the V century, the Western Roman Empire Europe is moving into the shadow of barbarism and ignorance. In the 8th century, the Frankish Empire is created on the territory of modern France forces of the legendary emperor, and in the middle of the X century, the sacred Roman Empire appears through the efforts of the King Ottone of the Great. Despite the loud name, this state was mostly located in modern Germany, ranking only a small part of the territory of the Apennine Peninsula. Otton I considered that the state formed by him should become a receiver ... The most antique risk empire, which fell almost 5 centuries ago. Does it seems strange such a commitment to the traditions of the newly disappeared state? But even this is not so much confuses historians, as the nature and methods of the Board of Otton III - the descendant of Otton I, who climbed the throne in 983. Apparently, Otton III fell to the weakness to all of the Ancient Roman, gave his close-up antique titles, and he himself believed in his great destination for the world. The description of the character of the emperor by his contemporaries, shows that for the sake of his greatness he was ready to go to any actions. And this case soon introduced himself.
In 999, Pope Gregory Dad died. Using unlimited power, Otton III was planted to Rome his supporter Herbert from Ouriyaka, who took the name Sylvester II. Christianity of Western Europe and the whole Church, which in those days was represented by the only educational institution, including the historical chronicles made, were in his pocket from the German monk.
The Byzantine Empire dominated the other half of Europe. For a long time, all manuscripts in the eastern wing of the former Roman Empire were made on the so-called "Musculus", that is, with capital letters without connections between them and without skips between words. Reading such texts was extremely difficult and tedious. Even a small text written by capital letters occupied a lot of space that he raised the cost of books. By the VIII century, the "Musicular" letter began to be crowned with "minusful", which contained uppercase letters, connections between them and skips between words. This allowed not only to save paper and improve the readability of the text, but also significantly saved the time of the creators of books. At the end of the X century, the Byzantine emperor was obvious the need to rewrite old historical chronicles in a new popular minusk style. And so it turned out that the very subtle III had close family relationships with the genus of Byzantine emperors. It turns out that the three main ruler of the whole Christian world by the end of the 15th century were in close cooperation with each other, and in Byzantium, the stormy rewriting of historical chronicles went. German researchers suggest that three policies entered into a conspiracy and added 297 extra year to historical chronicles! All subsequent historical documents fake-oriented has already included this error.
That is, the information that all these historical individuals lived at the end of the 15th century, it turns out to be incorrect. In fact, they lived at the end of the 7th century, but they decided to add non-existent 3 centuries of history. Why was it done? Otton III had an extremely sharp position in his empire - the people disliked her emperor, persistent on titles and greatness. To restore power, the emperor decided to bring his board to the Grand Draw - 1000 of our era. The idea of reigning at the end of the first Millennium was probably extremely liked Otten, and, in his opinion, was to have a positive effect on sentiment in society. For Byzantium, it was an excellent opportunity to rewrite the story, removing unpleasant moments from it and saturate the chronicles with the majestic accomplishments of their emperors. Perhaps the rulers agreed that the historians of Ottone III and Sylvester II will contribute to the chronicles necessary for the Byzantium change, and the Greeks themselves agreed to add 297 years of non-existent history to bring the Board of Otton III to a beautiful date. Pope was also not against becoming a governor of God on Earth at the end of the first millennium.
There is no doubt that this Trinity had sufficient opportunities to fulfill the conceived. But for this they needed to saturate the invented vacuum, called subsequently dark centuries, some historical events. If you follow this logic, the entire Karoling dynasty with the chapter chapter is the Great - fiction. Perhaps such an assumption may seem to the investigation of the imagination of imagination, but German historians noticed that the Biography of Charles - is hardly the only historical chronicles of the times of the dark centuries. Invent them in principle did not make a lot of work, especially since the competent chronicles of that time could be counted on the fingers of one hand. It is painfully lucky, noble and wise was this king, which was able to create formidable power from a stormy mixture of barbaric peoples. Is Karl the Great, whom the outstone of Otton III (what coincidence!), The legendary person, who has never existed in reality?
One of the main evidence of phantom hypothesis besides, of course, a vacuum in historical information about dark eyelids is the moment of transition from the Julian calendar to Gregorian. As you know, the Julian calendar, introduced by Julia Caesar in 45 BC. I did not possess great accuracy - every 128 years has accumulated one extra day per year. Ultimately, after a half thousand years, the dates in it moved so much that the day of the spring equinox was significantly shifted, from which Easter is counted. In 1582, the papal throne announced the transition to a new calendar - Gregoryan, who fixed the error and was more accurate. The creators of the hypothesis of phantom time noticed that when a new calendar was accepted, his creators added to the existing date of 10 days, then it would be more correct to add 13 days - it was on such a number of days that the Julian calendar was lagged behind the reality. As a result, the Grigorian calendar led to 325 by N.E., when the first universal cathedral was held, at which Easter date was taken. But was it an attempt to disguise the same added years, which perhaps the papal throne was known?
Now it's time to draw attention to the European Architecture of the Dark Time Age. And more precisely, its complete absence - almost for almost three centuries, nothing was built here at all and was not designated. Then in the early Middle Ages in many European cities suddenly arises a romance style - an artistic style that has close ties with ancient Roman architecture. Is it possible for 5 centuries after the fall of Rome, the architects of Europe were still so dependent on the ancient style, or it can be assumed that since the fall of the ancient empire has passed much less time, and the construction after the fall of the Roman Empire did not cease at all, but only a slightly changed architecture, Having absorbed into yourself, however, is still a strong ancient culture? If the hypothesis of phantom time is correct, then 150 years old since the time of the Rome crash - not so long to forget the Romance culture.
In addition, the three centuries without any scientific progress - too long, even for the upheaval shock of Europe. We remove from the history of 3 invented centuries and we get more smooth scientific and technological progress, which slowed down during the great resettlement of peoples, but then continued in the early Middle Ages, which, according to the hypothesis, came after 2 centuries after the fall of Rome.
But how to radiocarbon analysis? After all, with it, we can accurately know the time to create one or another artifact, and for sure among them there are those that were created in the "non-existent" dark centuries. Indeed, a radio carbon analysis is a useful method, but it needs to be calibrated, which is carried out by different methods: from dendrochronology to ... checks the same historical chronicles that could contain fictional information.
Of course, the phantom time is just a hypothesis. Beautiful, interesting, mysterious, but with a lot of probability incorrect. For each privilege in favor of protecting the hypothesis, a counter-argument can be brought. For example, the construction of buildings in the cities suspended due to the outflow of the residents that occurred as a consequence of the gaps of economic ties between the regions, and the return to the ancient culture, even after 5 centuries of inactivity, can be explained by the lack of their own basis - it was necessary to start architects from something. Yes, and the same radiocarbon dating method in recent years has achieved significant progress, supplementing the calibration of thorium in corals in his arsenal, according to the ice layers, on the ribbon deposits of clays in the lakes, which made it possible to confirm the correctness of today's historiography with even greater confidence. In addition, in addition to radio carbon analysis, there are dozens of other methods of dating historical monuments and artifacts that give approximately the same result. It would also be possible to apply to the Muslim chronology of that period, but here the situation remains inaccurate - some dates here are well coincided with European, others are so different that the explanation of the introduction of additional three centuries begins to look even a little logical.
Ultimately, whether the true hypothesis of phantom time or not - does not make any sense. No one will unscrew the time ago and reprint history textbooks. But for enthusiasts thirsting to achieve truth in the orphan historical chronicles, the hypothesis of phantom time is wide spaces for learning and discussions.
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