Rice is the main food for more than half of the inhabitants of the Earth. For thousands of years of its culture, rice has become an integral part of the culture of Asian peoples. Until recently, scientists believed that ricot production was originated on the territory of modern Thailand in the middle of 5 millennia BC, but recent studies indicate that the history of these cereals is much more ancient.
Traces of the oldest use of rice should be asked, of course, in Asia countries. At the honorary title of Rice, several states are claimed immediately, including China, India and even distant Australia. But still the most good evidence of the oldest tracks of rice was found on the territory of modern China in Zhejiang Province in the valley called the Shanshan. During the archaeological excavations at the bottom of the ancient pots, several stalks of this plant were found. Due to their poor safety, scientists have established the age of stems indirectly - by radio carbon analysis of organic remains nearby. Additionally, experts conducted an analysis of phytolithic stems - the smallest pieces of silicon, which are formed on the sheets of the plant, when they are collapsed to protect against moisture loss. Interestingly, such behavior is characteristic precisely for domesticated rice varieties, which the remains found with a high proportion.
As a result of the studies, it turned out that the age of the remains is about 9400 years. This makes discovered in the province of Zhezian stems the most ancient traces of home rice. It turns out, the inhabitants of this area successfully domesticated rice already in the 8th millennium BC. This information correlates with genetic research of the plant showing that it should have been "tamed" about 10, 000 years ago. However, until this point, find enough ancient traces of domestication never managed.
It is interesting that the studied studies still can not definitely indicate that it is China that is home to rice. Historians believe that the domestication of this plant could occur simultaneously at several points of the Asia-Pacific region.