It seems that the electrocars are a new stage in the evolution of the car, which will replace non-environmental gasoline cars. But we are dealing with that when you should remember the saying "All new is well forgotten old": because the electric motor was invented earlier than the internal combustion engine, and the electric vehicles appeared earlier than their gasoline beans.
The first electric motor was invented by Michael Faraday in 1821, when a great physicist demonstrated the possibility of transforming electrical energy into mechanical. It would seem that electricity was massively included in the life of people only in the second half of the 20th century, but at the same time the first electric motor was constructed much earlier - only 9 years after the Borodino battle! Magnetism and electricity captured the minds of scientists around the world, which led to the rapid development of this area. Already in 1828, the Hungarian inventor Anosh Yedlik was able to introduce an electric motor into a toy model of the car and show that the car can move successfully. The first machine on the electric motor using galvanic elements was created in 1837 by the inventor Robert Davidson. In addition to cars, electric motors tried to implement on other transports: for example, in 1839, the Russian inventor B.S. Jacobi was created a boat that successfully could transport 14 people. This case was the first use of the electric motor for public transport. True, in the industrial production of the electric hammer did not come out.
With the invention in 1859, lead-acid batteries that support recharging and allowing for a long time to maintain a charge, industrialists began to invest significant funds in the development of electric vehicles. Soon the European and American cities have flooded test samples of electric vehicles, which are along with horse-drawn crews proudly drove along the central streets, surprising the audience. In the 1890s, the capacity of batteries was significantly increased, which made cars on electric motors more attractive.
The golden age of electric vehicles came at the end of the 19th century: various models were enrolled in mass production, even taksoparks from electric vehicles were organized in major cities. Their speed usually did not exceed 35 km / h, and the ride distance on one charge was about 70 km. In 1892, the world's first in the world was built - it was created by the Russian engineer of the Ippolit Romanov. The electric office could transport 17 passengers to a range of 60 km and developed the speed of up to 40 km / h.
It is interesting: The first in history overcoming the high-speed mark of 100 km / h on land also belongs to the electric car. The event happened on May 1, 1899 thanks to the rider Camille ackles and a car La Jamaus ContentE. The speed record was 105, 882 km / h !!!
According to the popularity of electric vehicles, statistics are eloquently: at the beginning of the 20th century, in the United States, cars with an electric motor was 1, 73 times more than gasoline.
But how were things with an internal combustion engine (DVS)? And although the idea of gas engine was known since the late 18th century, and over the past decades, engineers have successfully implemented and operated engines operating on gas fuel, gasoline engine was invented only in 1876 by the German engineer Otto Nicholas.
The first cars with gasoline engines began to be produced at the end of the 19th century by several independent manufacturers. The first mass release of gasoline cars began in 1888 by Karlo Benz - at this time the electric cars were cut through the streets of cities.
At the beginning of the 20th century, gasoline engines on the mass still lost electric: a high price of fuel and difficulty in obtaining it was affected. The reserve of the stroke and the developed speed in electrical and gasoline cars were approximately the same.
Sunset electric vehicles occurred as a result of several factors. First, the receipt of electricity was expensive pleasure: there were no nuclear power plants and green sources we were missing today. The primary task was to ensure the energy of cities due to universal electrification. The cost of oil production decreased, more and more deposits were opened, and gasoline DVS has undergone significant improvements much faster than electric. Gradually, humanity for the most part passed onto gasoline engines, and electric cars moved to the background to become newly popular in the 21st century.
Illustration: Depositphotos | @ Sonar