Without a doubt, it was the era of the Roman Republic, and then the Roman Empire laid the foundations of today's world order. A lot of books are written about the legendary times of ancient Rome and a huge number of films are shot. But the information contained in them is correct. Consider some of the most popular errors about the ancient Rome and Romans.
Romans did not always go to the tooh
It seems to us that being on the streets of the ancient Roman cities, we will certainly see people in snow-white, slowly strolling along the crucible streets. However, this is not quite true.
Toa is a woolen fabric of white, mainly in the form of a circle, which was drained around the body. In the days of early Rome - from 8 to 6th century BC. - Toga was really a popular view of clothes, but over time she became a status thing that was used for religious rituals and holidays. Of course, in Tog you could walk down the street, but it was allowed to do this only to men and children.
Interestingly, it was possible to dress only to citizens of Rome, so during the Empire's times, which included many nationalities, to see a man in Tog's street in Toga.
Moreover, woolen things could afford not every Roman citizen - they cost big money. And given the fact that the trade was required to wear around the body in a special way that the layers of the fabric were beautifully laying on the breast, slaves were used for these procedures, the content of which also required large funds.
We do not know what the last words of Julia Caesar
The famous phrase Julia Caesar "And you, Brut" (Lat. "Et Tu, Brute") was actually invented by William Shakespeare in the famous tragedy "Julius Caesar", which saw the light in 1599. What did Julius Caesar really said at the time of the murder of his conspirators is unknown. The Ancient Roman historians of Lights and Dion Cassius tend to the fact that either Caesar did not say anything at all, or said the phrase "And you, my child?" (referring to the brand in the Bruut).
Not all gladiators were servants and slaves
Many gladiators were indeed prisoners captured in numerous wars, which led the Roman state. But some people entered the ranks of gladiators on their own initiative.
Successful gladiators in ancient Rome became celebrities, whose behavior imitated and on which they wanted to be like. Of course, such fighters, the fights stagned, and most importantly, after a certain number of battles spent, successful gladiators began to get part of the prizes - very good money. Therefore, often in gladiators walked cough, well-owning weapons on the debt of the service and deciding to earn money on a comfortable old age. After all, for the fight, the gladiator received the same amount of money as soldiers for the year.
It is interesting: In ancient Rome, gladiators could have not only men, but also women.
Most, if not all gladiator fights were not fatal battles
Modern books and films have learned us to the fact that the fight of gladiators necessarily ended with the death of one of them. But in fact, this state of affairs is greatly exaggerated.
Historians calculated that in one of the Roman cities from 100 gladiator fights held in the 1st century AD. Only 19 gladiators died in the arena (from 200 who participated). It turns out, on average, only 10% of gladiators died in battles. By the way, the gladiator games have always been held with the participation of the judge, and the best medical care was to be wounded by the gladiator. After the gladiator threw the weapon, that is, I gave up, the battle immediately stopped.
Romans did not tie slaves to the meldles of their ships
Dramatic film shots, when slaves attached to the martial vendors of Roman warships, in the case of its flooding, they left with him to the bottom, are not true. First, keeping during the battle under deck dozens of evil tuned against the main team of strong men would be extremely stupid.
Secondly, the management and maneuvering of the ship was great art, so "on the oars" was gained exclusively free people who passed long training.
Emperor Caligula did not make his horse consul
Contemporaries remembered Emperor Caligula as a crazy ruler, famous for his strange laws, despotic orders, permanent orgies, and, of course, love for his horse. And although now historians have come to the conclusion that such a negative image of the caligules is made probably its enemies, some mental disorders can not deny the emperor.
In particular, he idolized his beloved horse named incitation. Legends go that the Roman emperor made his horse to the consul, appointing him a huge salary. It is unknown, because of whether there is a madness or to sided the Senate, but before that Caligula did incitrate by the senator. Based on this, it can be assumed that the Roman ruler could really make his horse with a consul, but in any case he did not have time to realize it in life: 4 years after the modernity of the throne, he was killed by his own guard.
Most Roman statues were not white
Sculptures and sculptures relating to the times of ancient Rome appear before us completely white. And it is not surprising - after all, almost all of them are made of marble.
But initially it was not at all. Detailed studies of the monuments of the Roman era show that many of them preserved paint microparticles, invisible to human eye. It turns out that the Romans painted sculptures to give them a more lively image. But the paints used by the ancient Roman masters were made of natural components, which over time disintegrate. That is why painted Roman statues after tens of centuries appeared before us completely white.
The Romans did not suit the permanent orgies and were very chaste people
The popular legend says that the Higher Roman Storage Days and Nights was performed in feasts and orgies.
Almost probably all this is the fiction. Who exactly foamed Romans, giving them the image of the libertines, read in this article.
It is interesting: Do you know that in ancient Rome, excrement was considered a very valuable resource that were used for various purposes. Which ones? We read here.