The Yemensky city of Shibam is not in vain called "Manhattan Desert", paying attention to his unique architecture - numerous high-rise residential buildings in the form of towers, located very close to each other.
Looking at unusual multi-storey buildings, you might think that Shibam was built on relatively recently. But in fact, this city, which arose about 2, 000 years ago, is an ancient example of vertical construction.
The first parking of people at the site of this city belong to the 5th century BC. By the beginning of our era, a permanent settlement grows here. The geographical location of Shibama predetermined his full dangers and anxiety history - the city was constantly in the epicenter of various wars, more than once passed from the hands of different rulers and even several times became the capital of the state.
Due to the constant dangers, the inhabitants of the city immediately began to build a high wall around it. By the 17th century, the population of Shibama has grown so much that there are not enough places inside the city walls, and nobody wished to settle outside of reliable fortifications, so residents of the city began to build their homes up.
During the construction of buildings, it was mostly clay bricks dried right in the sun. The dry climate of Yemen allows such a building without problems to withstand loads for several centuries.
The houses of the city have a height of 5-11 floors and are rightfully considered the highest clay houses in the world. Since ancient times, these houses are connected with each other bridges - so during the raids of Bedouins, the inhabitants of the city quickly moved to different parts of the city, on time to reflect attacks on dangerous sites.
Because of its unique architecture, Shibam is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Illustration: Depositphotos | Javarman