Namibia is one of the most unclosed African countries. Here you can go by car all day and not see not only a single building, but also oncoming cars. Untouched lands and lack of large industrial enterprises retain excellent conditions for wildlife. In fact, Namibia is something like a big reserve. Elephants, giraffes, zebras, antelopes and other animals feel free to choose themselves. Tourists do not interfere know that the guide has to signal for a long time so that the family of several giraffes fall from the track and allowed the car to drive. Namibia deservedly consider one of the best in the continent of countries for "green" tourism.
200 km north of Windhoek, the capital of the state, is the town of Celebreurgo. In fact, this is one street with gas station, supermarket and several living houses. Immediately for the Clearvondo, the dirt road turns to the east and after 44 km rests on the sign "Foundation for the Preservation of Geards". Once there was a barnyard, but later the owner, penetrating the fate of animals, redoned it to the research center.
On the farm are not engaged in breeding cheetahs. These unique cats almost do not multiply in captivity. The fund contains animals, which for certain reasons cannot live on freedom. One of them was injured by farmers or knocked down a truck, and sometimes people bring kittens whose mother fell into a trap and died. A person can not teach a cheetah to hunt (only female is capable of it), and the animals remain to live on the farm. Beasts are not sitting in cells. They are assigned a fairly large territory where they are moving freely. Scientists can explore predators under conditions close to natural.
Cheetah, as you know - the fastest on Earth. This feline representative is created for speed: there are no subcutaneous fat in the body, and a small head, rounded ears and a heavy tail are ideal for rapid running and maneuvering.
Cheetah is the only representative of feline that does not draw claws. They should always be ready. In addition, in the skeleton of this famous runner there is no clavicle. The bones of the front paws are attached to the rest of the skeleton only with the muscles (when the animal lies on the ground, the shoulders almost touch each other). Thanks to this particular, the cheetah is able to rotate and maneuver at very large speeds.
In the open area, the adult beast is developing a speed of 105-110 km / h (300-400 m can be used with it). This is enough to catch any antelope in a matter of seconds. True, for such a tempo you have to pay. During the run, the hepard's heart does not have time to push blood. As a consequence, its temperature increases from 37 ° to an unthinkable 41 °! Calculate the sacrifice, the spotted pursuer knocks her off his legs, snacks his throat, after which he needs to get well - cool. At this time, the animal is absolutely helpless and so tired that he cannot defend her prey. This often enjoy lions, hyenas, leopards, jackals and even predatory birds.
So that the animals are not convicted, the Foundation workers are arranged for their wards regular jogs, the so-called Cheetahs Running, "Beetpads". Everyone, paying 400 Namibian dollars can join the runners. They occur only once a day (if there is no rain), early in the morning. There are no more than four or six people to the territory on which animals chase.
It is known that instinct makes these cat pursue a moving object. No matter which one. Therefore, in the absence of antelope, they may be ... an ordinary rag. Fabric flap ties to a long rope, which is passed through special rings covered in the ground. The ends of the latter are connected, after which it is launched into a special apparatus, which pulls it at high speed. The rope, like a snake, moves along the ground, a rag is drawn along with her on the grass, attracting the attention of cheetahs. Obeying instinct, they begin to persecute.
Beetarows running in the "Geardow Preservation Fund":
Rapid, animals are stacked on the lawn and rest. If, after chase, they are in a good mood, visitors allow them to stroke them. This happens not very often. About his inner peace of mind, the cheetah informs the same as a domestic cat: ration (truth, significantly louder). Cheetahs and Puma are the only of large cats that can purrab.
About 12 thousand remained in the world of these animals (they disappeared in Asia in the 1960s). For comparison: leopards there are almost 40 thousand, and Lviv is 120 thousand. Scientists fear that the extinction of these runners will affect irreparable damage to the entire ecosystem. The fact is that the grivasty "kings", as well as hyenas and many other kind of predatory animals - very mediocre hunters. The success of Lviv hunting is assessed as 1:10. That is, only one hunt out of ten ends well. Eating only its prey, they would die from hunger. These giants, like hyenas, eat predominantly Padal.
Cheetahs are significantly the best hunters. They catch up with the chosen sacrifice in nine cases of a dozen. That's just after the insane acceleration, unable to fight for it. In addition, because of the special structure of the teeth, only the insides (heart, stomach, liver) eat (heart, stomach, liver), and do not touch the carcass itself. Thus, these predators involuntarily "feed" many other fauna representatives, and their disappearance would almost certainly lead to the extinction of species devouring the desult.
Illustration: Depositphotos | Stuporter