What is india associated with you? With Indian films, packs of tea with an elephant, with rest on Goa or with ancient temples, pilgrims and yoga ... Have you ever heard about the ancient city of India Varanasi, also known under the names of Kashi, Benares, Mahashashman, Anandakanan?
Varanasi is the center of Indian religion, philosophy, medicine and education. The Indian legend claims that he was founded by God-Shiva about 5, 000 years ago, and archaeological excavations show that Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in India. It is called the "city of temples", "City of Enlightenment", "Sacred City", and sometimes "the city of the Dead". Each religious Hindu dreams to die and be burned in exactly this city. Many old and sick pilgrims come here from all over the country to wait for their death precisely in this city. Some of them are waiting for this moment for decades!
Hinduses believe in the resettlement of souls - reincarnation - and they all dream of achieving absolute holiness - Moksha, when the process of birth and death will be completed and complete exemption from all material. According to the legend, the city of Varanasi is under the patronage of God Bhairava, who has the authority to purify the karma of the deceased. It is believed that if the Hindu is lucky enough to die with his death in Varanasi, then Moksha is guaranteed for him. Therefore, the burial fires burn here 24 hours a day, and during this time they burn from 200 to 400 tel.
The fires are burning on two of the many Hhata of Varanasi: Marikaren and Harishchandra. Hhata refer to the Hange River descending to the sacred river, intended for ritual ablutions in water. All the buildings near the two burial Hhata are hospice where many people are waiting for their death.
On the Marikarnik Shmaushan ("Shmaashan" - a place for the funeral campfire) burn people from the higher castes of India, and Cremation is available for any class on Harishchan.
To burn the body requires from 200 to 400 kilograms of a tree and 4 hours of time. Rich families for cremation of their relatives add an expensive sandalwood into the fire, the poor families use the cheapest firewood. Sometimes they get the remains of firewood from other fires or sacrifice money on the firewood tourists. The dusts from the fires are collected and thrown in Gangu. There are also throwing and not caught upstairs. It is believed that the sacred water of the ganggie will further contribute to the cleansing of the karma of the deceased. Also discount in the waters of Ganges corpses from other villages of the coast of the river and those who are not subject to bust-bruoked cobra, patients with leprosy, sadhu - ascets, who renounced worldly life, children under 13 years old and pregnant women. About the stray on the river, the sailing bodies are caught, but only in order to tie a stone to them and throw back to the river.
The Gang River occupies the fifth place for pollution in the world due to the large volume of industrial waste, domestic garbage, dirty tributaries and corpus expansions. According to epidemiological control, at the city of Varanasi, the number of enterobacteria in the river on 1 ml of water exceeds the norm 120 times. Eyewitnesses and at all argue that the water of the river looks like "brown soup from excrement and industrial effluent" [source]. However, this does not interfere with the local population to make rites in the sacred river, drink water from it, brushing teeth, swim and wash underwear.