Lake Titicaca occupies the central part of the Bolivian plateau and, being at an altitude of 3, 800 meters, is the most high-altitude lake in the world.
Just a few tens of kilometers in the east of the lake, snow slopes cardiel-real, vertices that rise above the lake on a height of up to three kilometers are rising. From the opposite side, the ridges of Western cardiillery, reaching height 2, 5 thousand meters rise at some distance.
Dozens of streams fall into a lake Titicaca. Only one Dreasanouado River, over three hundred kilometers, replenishing the waters of a unwitting lake Popois. Desanuadero blurs salty layers on his way, which is why the water in the lake salty.
For people living on the desert alpine plain Altiplano, the Titicaca is also a source of water, and a source of food, and a kind of "heating", making this stern edge favorable for life (water temperature is not colder than 11 degrees). Modern archeology concluded that the first people settled on the shores of the lake about 10, 000 years ago.
Now the lake is located immediately in two states: Peru and Bolivia. At the same time, in Peru there is a more humid east coast, and Bolivia is arid Western.
There are several dozen islands on the lake, and two of them are especially revered by local residents who call them the "island of the Moon" and the "Island of the Sun". According to the legend of the people of Incas, hundreds of years inhabited by the territory near the lake, these islands initially belonged to the God of the Moon Cathi and the God of Sun Titicaca. When the son of the Sun was born the son of Manko Copak and Oklo's daughter, his father gave them staff and they headed to the northern country of shepherds. On his way, the young Inqua stunned his staff to the ground, but everywhere he came across the rocks. Brother and sister held their way to the north for a long time, until they were in the Cusco Valley. Only the manko's kopak stuck his staff to the ground, he went deep into arable land. The son of the Sun convened the valley of farmers and shepherds and, together with them, founded a new city, in the center of which built the temple in honor of his father.
The new city, called Cusco, became the center of the mighty Empire of Inca, and the heirs of Manco Copaku manage the country up to the arrival of the conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro, literally destroyed the Great Civilization. Now the few remaining descendants of the Inca dwell in villages located off the shores of the lake, studying all the same crafts that their ancestors thousand years ago.
The most oldest residents of Titicah, the ancestors of which settled here about 10, 000 years ago, the Indians urau are considered. Now they are ousted on the islands that build themselves from the reed-totors. Such islands are dozens of cane layers, which are replaced with new ones. On such islands, whole villages of dozens of homes, where this unique lactic people live.
Reed Totors - Universal Material, which provides uruses with everything necessary. From it weave baskets, build houses, beds for sleep, chairs, make curtains, shoes, hats ... At first glance, only food problems cannot solve the cane. However, this is not like this: boats and fish traps are made from the cane.
The man who saw the title in the early morning will be amazed by the motionlessness of her water stroit, on which the mountains and the blue sky are reflected so clearly as if you look in the mirror. With the first rays of the sun, the lake in one moment suddenly lights up with dazzling light, in one moment becoming purple green. In the afternoon, when the sun stands in the middle of a skyskle, an infinite water space opens a look, sharply contrasting with dark slopes of rocks. In the evening, the setting sun paints the water titica to the ominous crimson tones. This color game occurs daily until a strong wind blows. However, it is worthwhile to rush along the Bolivian Plateau, as the lake begins real fierce storms, with the crashing of waves on the shores and breaking fragile fishing boats.
But scientists and travelers go to these edges not only to admire amazing landscapes. The high mountain lake in itself is a lot of mysteries - historical, geological, biological and archaeological. And even if the archaeologists can explain how the stones clearly appeared around the Titica, who were clearly brought here for hundreds of kilometers, or the use of boats found only on the shores of a tiger or Euphrate, then the mystery of the origin of the lake itself is most likely to remain unexpected.
It would seem that the answer is very simple: the hollow formed as a result of volcanic activity collected the streams of other rivers. After all, such examples on Earth a lot: the same Baikal, Nyasa or Tanganyka. But how can I explain the presence in the lake of marine salts? Where do the remains of marine organisms find on the banks of the reservoir? All this suggests that Titicaca is the sea bay raised by the unknown forces by almost 4 km above sea level, and being, as a result, the largest high-altitude lake in the world. And so far, modern science is unable to answer the answer to how it could happen.
The secrets of the mysterious lake are trying to uncover and archaeologists, geologists, zoologists, but with each study of the high-mountain lake Titicaca, more and more questions arise. For a long time, the minds of the travelers are unsolved secrets of the "Pearls of the Andes" - the sacred lake Titicaca.