No doubt remains that the first Europeans who run on the American continent were not members of the expedition of Christopher Columbus, and Vikings - the Scandinavian navigators who opened Iceland first, then Greenland, and then landed in North America, where they could even establish a colony.
But archaeological finds on the island of Oak, located near the Canadian Province of New Scotland, can turn the entire history of the opening of the new light.
We are talking about a sword-gladius, which is a group of amateur archaeologists, headed by Jovanny Pulitzer, discovered during excavations. The chemical analysis of the sword confirmed its similarity with the samples of Roman weapons from Europe. According to archaeologists, there is no doubt that the discovered sword was manufactured by the old Roman masters and is genuine. The handle of gladius, which shows, apparently, one of the ancient Roman heroes, says that we are not a standard sword of the Legioneer, but a gift product that was presented for certain merit.
Interestingly, the original sword was discovered back in the distant 1940 by local fishermen when he accidentally confused on the network. Only recently, the Fisherman's family decided to give it to archaeologists.
It turns out, a certain antique expedition was able to swam the Atlantic Ocean and reach the shores of America? Perhaps someone from the team accidentally dropped the sword into the water or the vessel was crashed, and Gladius remained lying on the seabed.
Most scientists, as expected, did not perceive the find seriously. The independent examination showed that the sword was made of modern iron alloys. But even if he was indeed made by antique masters, then the Oak Island could well get along with treasurers relatively recently, and the Roman expeditions to America are not at all here. It is connected with the fact that the iso island has long been attracted to the attention of archaeologists and adventure lovers. All over the so-called "cash miner", which was discovered here at the end of the 18th century. According to the legend, unpretentious treasures are hidden in the depths of the mine, so dozens of expeditions tried to find them, feeding a long-abandoned well. Perhaps for some reason, one of them left the island with their artifacts. Ultimately, some of them are, including the sword - found themselves in water.
However, the Ancient Roman sword-gladius is not the only find, which suggests that the iso island could attend antique civilizations. At the very end of the 20th century, a treasure consisting of cuneic (Carthaginian) coins was discovered here. Carthagean were known as unsurpassed navigators of their time. It is possible that the Romans subordinate to the Carthage during the Punic Wars, used the teams of these navigaters for distant reconnaissance expeditions.
In addition, during the excavations of the already mentioned monetary mines, a remarkable stone was discovered with unknown characters on one of its parties. The stone itself is not preserved (and rather, it is in someone's private collection), but the symbols depicted on it reached the general public. Jovann Pulitzer, studied detailed images, with the help of computer analysis, established their similarity with one of the dialects used in the eastern regions of the Roman Empire.
In addition, when he sawing one of the growing on the island of wood, a crossbolt bolt was discovered in his trunk. Laboratory studies have shown that they were made precisely during the Roman Empire.
But it is not all. Sea section, where in the 1940th year was discovered by a sword-gladius, was carefully examined by a hydrolyator. In one of the sections, archaeologists found a wreckage of a wooden ship - perhaps the very sword, with whom the sword sailed into a new light.
Finally, not far from the coast of Oak Islands, the ancient mounds with unnatural for the local Potokolumbovsky population are burned by the method of burial. Once they were located near the edge of the water, but over the centuries, they turned out to be absorbed by the ocean. Who is buried in them? Roman researchers who opened America? Or the most Carthaginian navigaters who were able to make an impossible journey and twist the ocean for ancient navigation?
Of course, all found findings are not a good evidence of the discovery of America more than a thousand years before the navigation of Columbus. But looking at their number, the idea that antique navigators still visited the new light, it does not seem so impossible.
But could, in principle, Romans or Carthaginians make such a journey if we talk about the technical capabilities of their courts? Could, but only if they were floating through the northern way with short mining from the British Isles to Iceland, then Greenland, and then to the North American coast. Such a route, for example, Vikings successfully reached America. However, there remains many white spots in this theory, and some conclusions of the pulitzer expedition will have to be renovated. But still the theory of the opening of America Romans has the right to life: in the end, no one recently believed that the first new light was discovered by Vikings, and not Portuguese navigators.
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