Interesting facts about emperor penguins

Emperor penguins, the largest members of this order of birds, nest on the Antarctic coast. The weight of the male reaches 45 kilograms, and the female - from 25 to 35 kilograms.

During the nesting period, emperor penguins leave the sea, where most of their life passes, go ashore and form here vast colonies, sometimes numbering up to 15-20 thousand birds. After the female lays one egg directly on the snow, the male immediately places it on his paws and then - in a kind of bag - a fold of skin on his stomach.

After laying an egg, the females leave the colony and go far to the sea. The male is engaged in heating the egg. He incubates a chick for about 60 days, remaining without food during all this time. The male lives at the expense of the fat reserves accumulated earlier.

A chick hatched from an egg sits in a bag for several days. An adult bird feeds him with his own semi-digested food. When chicks grow up, they gather in large flocks and stand on the ice, closely huddled together. The habit of sticking together saves them from extreme cold and wind. Solitary chicks usually die. In order to feed them, parents often make long hikes on foot from the colony to open water, where they find the necessary food: molluscs, crustaceans, and sometimes fish.