Hundreds of tornadoes, typhoons, tornadoes and hurricanes sweep the planet every year. And on television or radio, we often come across disturbing messages telling that the elements are raging somewhere on the planet. Hurricanes and typhoons are always referred to by reporters by female names. Where did this tradition come from? We will try to figure it out.
Hurricanes are usually given names. This is done in order not to confuse them, especially when several tropical cyclones operate in the same area of the world, so that there are no misunderstandings in weather forecasting, in the issuance of storm alerts and warnings.
Before the first system of naming hurricanes, hurricanes got their names randomly and haphazardly. Sometimes the hurricane was named after the saint, on the day of which the disaster occurred. For example, hurricane Santa Anna got its name, which reached the city of Puerto Rico on July 26, 1825, on the day of St. Anna. The name could be given for the area that suffered the most from the elements. Sometimes the name was determined by the very form of development of the hurricane. So, for example, the hurricane "Pin" No. 4 got its name in 1935, the shape of the trajectory of which resembled the mentioned object.
There is an original method of naming hurricanes, invented by Australian meteorologist Clement Rugg: he called typhoons after members of parliament who refused to vote for the allocation of loans for meteorological research.
The names of cyclones became widespread during the Second World War. US Air and Navy meteorologists monitored typhoons in the Northwest Pacific. To avoid confusion, military meteorologists named typhoons after their wives or mother-in-law. After the war, the US National Weather Service compiled an alphabetical list of female names. The main idea behind this list is to use short, simple and easy to remember names.
By 1950, the first hurricane naming system had appeared. First, they chose the phonetic army alphabet, and in 1953 they decided to return to FEMALE NAMES. Subsequently, the assignment of female names to hurricanes entered the system and was extended to other tropical cyclones - to the Pacific typhoons, storms of the Indian Ocean, the Timor Sea and the northwest coast of Australia.
The naming procedure itself had to be streamlined. So, the first hurricane of the year began to be called a woman's name, starting with the first letter of the alphabet, the second - with the second, etc. The names were chosen short, which are easy to pronounce and easy to remember. For typhoons, there was a list of 84 female names. In 1979, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), in conjunction with the US National Weather Service, expanded this list to include male names as well.
Since there are several basins where hurricanes form, there are also several lists of names. For Atlantic Basin hurricanes, there are 6 alphabetical lists, each with 21 names, which are used for 6 consecutive years and then repeated. If there are more than 21 Atlantic hurricanes in a year, the Greek alphabet will be used.
In the event that a typhoon is particularly destructive, the name assigned to it is deleted from the list and replaced by another. Thus, the name KATRINA was permanently deleted from the list of meteorologists.
In the northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean, the names of animals, flowers, trees and even products are in store for typhoons: Nakri, Yufung, Kanmuri, Kopu. The Japanese refused to give deadly typhoons female names, because women are considered gentle and quiet creatures there. And the tropical cyclones of the northern Indian Ocean remain unnamed.