Varicose veins get its name from the Latin word varix (knot). The main symptoms: nodular expansion in certain areas of the vessels. Probability of the disease: men -10-20%, women - about 30%.
In the 1st century AD Fvrelius Cornelius Celsus defined the principles of treatment of venous trophic ulcers: he proposed to bandage or burn out the veins suitable for the ulcer, and close the ulcer itself with a lime plaster or linen bandage. In the II century, Galen developed a method for destroying varicose veins with special hooks.
Compression stockings popular today were invented at the end of the 17th century. We owe their appearance to the surgeon sergeant of the British king Charles II Wiseman. He guessed that vasodilatation may be caused by insufficiency of venous valves, and began to prescribe to patients wearing a miracle stocking.
It would seem that it is impossible to learn something new about varicose veins - so much has been written and rewritten about it. But, nevertheless, it was possible to unearth something about this disease, unknown to the bulk of readers. Well who would have thought that
The development of varicose veins in our fellow citizens was influenced by the modernization of toilets, namely, an increase in their height to the European standard (40 cm). And what, you say? And the fact that now, during a known process, we have to include the abdominal muscles in the work, as a result of which the intra-abdominal and then the venous pressure rises first, provoking the expansion of the veins of the legs.
Women suffer from this disease 3 times more often than men. It is believed that pregnancy is to blame for everything, during which the volume of circulating blood increases, and the enlarged uterus presses on the retroperitoneal veins. But research results indicate that the incidence of varicose veins increases only during the second and subsequent pregnancies. It is interesting that the first signs of the disease appear in the first trimester, when there is still no sign of a significant increase in the uterus or a sharp increase in the volume of circulating blood.
The development of varicose veins is significantly influenced by the lifestyle. Vessels are contraindicated for prolonged static loads with heavy lifting and motionless stay in a standing or sitting position. By the way, in Asian countries, varicose veins are more often worried not by fans of traditional mats, but by European chairs and armchairs.
Corsets increase intrauterine pressure (and therefore contribute to the development of varicose veins). Other "feminine things" like shaping underwear also affect the health and beauty of our legs: they compress the veins and disrupt the normal blood flow. Risk factors include wearing any tight clothing (including your favorite slip-on jeans) and high-heeled shoes.
Obesity is an undeniable risk factor. In order not to start the mechanism of varicose veins, experts even offer a special diet. It is recommended to start your meal with a salad of cabbage, carrots and red pepper with dill and parsley, drizzled with vegetable oil and lemon juice. This dish strengthens the walls of blood vessels and improves bowel function. Vegetable stew is suitable as a light side dish; instead of desserts - fruits rich in vitamins, microelements and fiber. Drinking green tea is also recommended. An important condition is limited salt intake, since an excessive amount of NaCl prevents the excretion of fluid and contributes to the formation of edema.
In case of problems with blood vessels, it is not recommended to play tennis, bodybuilding, weightlifting, because during training, venous pressure rises, vascular tone decreases, which leads to stagnation of blood in the veins of the legs. Swimming and water aerobics are considered useful.
The risk group for varicose veins includes people who often fly on airplanes. Prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position and lack of movement slow down blood circulation, and dry air and libations during the flight contribute to dehydration and thickening of the blood. This problem was destroyed by the economy class syndrome. Her aspirin tablets, which prevent the formation of blood clots, the use of a large amount of liquid - still water, green tea with lemon, compression stockings and comfortable slippers that do not interfere with normal blood circulation will help to partially solve her.
Some popular cosmetic procedures that stimulate the fragility of blood vessels are not recommended for women prone to varicose veins: endermology (LPG), hot wraps, aggressive weight loss massages. You also need to be careful when choosing your hair removal method. It is better not to use electric epilators and hot waxes.
An excellent prophylactic agent is slimming tights. They must be worn throughout the day, but put on in the morning while lying in bed (the body must be in a horizontal position). You need to buy such tights at pharmacies.
The most popular and effective herbal remedies that fight varicose veins are horse chestnut, verbena and sleep-grass. Horsetail, medicinal lungwort and dandelion strengthen the blood vessels; improve blood circulation and reduce blood clotting sweet clover, toadflax, meadowsweet, raspberry, peony, and the badan root, buckthorn leaves and oak bark relieve inflammation. In folk medicine, nutmeg tincture, garlic, figs, apple cider vinegar, tomatoes, potato lotions and honey compresses are popular.
It is interesting that hemorrhoids are one of the forms of varricosis, only this time not in the legs, but in the place from which they grow.
The habit of sitting with legs crossed or thrown one on top of the other disrupts normal blood circulation. The healthiest position for veins is the American one, when the legs are placed on the work table.