The James Randi Private Education Foundation is engaged in research and scientific verification of facts presented by various individuals and organizations as so-called "paranormal". The Foundation was created in 1996 by the former illusionist James Randy, a well-known skeptic in the United States, who for many years has been engaged in exposing all kinds of hoaxes related to mysticism, miracles, supernatural phenomena, psychic abilities, UFOs and the like.
A skilled magician and entertainer known at the time as "The Amazing Randy, " Randy made a name for himself by performing stunts even by the likes of Houdini, freeing himself from his straitjacket in Niagara Falls. But after retiring, the brilliant illusionist began to expose all kinds of sorcerers, healers and other shamans. Randy was so successful in his "hunt" for magicians that they even began to sue him. And the biggest scandal erupted in 1983, when Randy exposed two colleagues in the shop who had joined the CIA under the guise of psychics.
The Foundation annually pays awards in the amount of several thousand US dollars to American students for the best work in various applied fields of science, but the James Randi Foundation is known worldwide for officially guaranteeing a prize of $ 1, 000, 000 to anyone who can demonstrate paranormal abilities in conditions of correct set experiment. ... Initially, a prize of $ 1, 000 was offered, later - $ 10, 000 (from Randy's personal funds), but in 2002 a millionaire donated a large amount of money to the foundation, which raised the prize to $ 1 million.
It is interesting that so far no applicant has been able to obtain this award, although there were quite a few applicants - about 50 people a year submit applications for testing. Despite Randy's attempts to provoke several very famous psychics, none of them dared to try to prove their abilities.
On the part of the shamed psychics, there is a version that James Randi himself is playing a dishonest game, since the rules established at the preliminary stage, and the very course of the experiment, put the participants in a knowingly losing position.