1926 ... The country, which for the fourth year was called the Soviet Union, slowly entered a normal course of life after the Civil War. Serious shifts for the better have also been outlined in the fight against crime. So, in Leningrad, by this time, banditry was almost completely eliminated. And photographs of the legendary raiders, who until recently terrified the inhabitants, now adorned only the stands of the Criminal Investigation Museum.
However, alas, the elimination of banditry was only part of the tasks associated with improving the crime situation. After all, the problem of domestic crime, associated primarily with hooliganism, remained an urgent problem, a particularly dangerous phenomenon, because it, as a rule, is accompanied by robbery, mutilation or even murder.
In the 20s - 30s of the last century, hooliganism was one of the criminal scourges of society. Still, being a bully was not only profitable, but also safe. The authorities treated the gopota as a class element close to the proletarians and turned a blind eye to petty crimes.
On this fertile ground, hooligan associations emerge: the Central Committee of Punks, the International of Fools, Circles of Hooligans, the Society "Down with Innocence", the Society of Soviet Alcoholics, the Society of Soviet Loafers, the Union of Hooligans .. The youth gangs were engaged in petty criminal activities - theft, extortion, hooliganism and defending the honor of their area before competitors.
The cup of patience of respectable Leningraders was overwhelmed by the event that took place on August 21 in the park of Chubarov Lane, which is next to Ligovsky Prospekt.
Everything happened according to a fairly typical scheme. At about 10 pm, when nineteen-year-old Lyubov Belova was returning home from work, a guy who was barely standing approached her and, abundantly accompanying her speech with obscene language, offered to "take a walk." It was Pavel Kochergin, who was well known in Ligovka as a boozer, a drunkard, who had never really worked anywhere. On that day, he drank hard at the commemoration, and the girl's natural refusal was regarded as a personal insult.
Oleksandr Tyvanchuk and his comrades rushed to the aid of the "offended" man. They pounced on the girl in seven ways, threw a rag over her face, clamped her mouth shut, dragged her into the park, beat her, and then began to rape her. Naturally, Kochergin was the first, while those who were waiting for their turn began to offer "some fun" to the other Ligovskaya punks who happened to be nearby. One of the hooligans began to collect 15-20 kopecks from those who joined him for vodka.
They mocked over the unfortunate woman for more than six hours, and only in the morning she was able to get to the 7th police station. The girl was in a state of extreme stress, but even from her confused story, the police understood well who had committed the vileness - they knew their clientele here. The officers of the 5th and 11th police stations were also alerted, and by ten in the morning most of the rapists had already given evidence.
And Leningrad was seething!
At the factories and enterprises of the city, a wave of rallies and meetings took place with the demand to severely punish the "Chubarovites" - this is what they now call the unbelted hooligan. In a matter of days, Lenpravda and other newspapers of the city received more than 350 resolutions of general meetings of workers' collectives, under which there were more than fifty thousand signatures.
However, the trial of the "Chubarovites", which was clearly of a propaganda nature, began only on December 16, 1926. The fact is that after the experience the victim had to take care of the best neuropathologists of Leningrad for a very long time. And besides this, the girl, like almost all rapists, was treated ... for gonorrhea. It turned out that at the time of the crime, three rapists were sick with her, and because of them almost all of their accomplices fell ill.
Despite the fact that in those days it was still customary to judge mainly from the standpoint of revolutionary consciousness (the country did not even have a normal Criminal Code, which would appear only on January 1, 1927, and the judges were still guided by the "Charter of Revolutionary Tribunals" of the 1918 model), the defendants had highly qualified lawyers. In particular, they were defended by a participant in many noisy pre-revolutionary trials, the St. Petersburg lawyer Bobrischev-Pushkin. And all the defendants were given the opportunity to speak.
Pavel Kochergin, of course, denied his guilt, explaining what happened by the fact that he, they say, "negotiated with the victim for money." The other defendants adhered to the same version, especially Aleksey Bobrovsky, brothers Tyvanchuk and Andrei Gulli, whose face was swollen from unrestrained drunkenness, was called Toad by his friends.
And the speech of Konstantin Kochergin, the brother of the main defendant, who was a witness of the Komsomol organizer of the Kooperator plant, the brother of the main defendant, caused a storm of indignation in the hall: he lied so openly that in the end he was put in the dock for knowingly giving false testimony.
Well, the version that the victim was engaged in prostitution was resolutely refuted by prosecution witnesses and expert opinions.
Particular attention was attracted, of course, by the speech of Belova herself - it was quite objective and did not contain any maximalist demands. And all the necessary ideological accents were set by the speech of the public prosecutor from the editorial office of the Leningradskaya Pravda newspaper, who said: "The significance of this process is that the question is posed bluntly here: who will lead our youth - Pavel Kochergin and his comrades or the Soviet public, unions, Komsomol? "
By the time of the trial of the "Chubarovites", the public atmosphere was heated to the limit. Twenty-seven accused were brought to trial in December; six of them were sentenced to death, the rest to various terms of imprisonment in a concentration camp (they were exiled to the Solovetsky special purpose camp), two of the defendants were acquitted. "Chubarovschina" has become a household word ...
And soon other hooligan groups were liquidated in different parts of the city ... after Leningrad, a whole wave of their "Chubarov" trials swept across the country - and they were tried not only for rape, but also for other crimes.