Interesting facts about the Knights of the Cross of St. George

Interesting facts "Military affairs" Interesting facts about the Knights of the Cross of St. George

  1. St. George's Cross is an award that was awarded to the lower ranks of the Russian army for their courage shown in battles. At the same time, it should be noted that many confuse it with the Order of St. George, which was awarded to officers. Only from June 24, 1917, soldiers and sailors who performed officer duties in battle could receive this order.
  2. St. George's Cross, or, as the soldiers called it "Yegoriy", was established during the reign of Emperor Alexander the First - in 1807. Already on June 2 of the same year, the first awarding took place - Egor Ivanovich Mitrokhin became a knight of the St. George Cross, who distinguished himself in the battle with the French army near Friedland.
  3. In the first years, the St.George cross was not divided by degrees, it was made of silver of the 95th test. The recipients were exempted from corporal punishment, but for serious misconduct they could be deprived of "Yegoriy" by a court decision.
  4. On March 19, 1856 alone, four degrees of awards were introduced. Crosses of the 1st and 2nd degrees were made of gold, and the 3rd and 4th degrees were made of silver. Before the revolution, about 2, 000 lower ranks of the Russian imperial army became full knights of the St. George Cross. During the First World War, due to financial problems in the country, the amount of gold in awards of the 1st and 2nd degree was reduced. On May 26, 1915, Nicholas II issued a decree to lower the gold content to 60 percent.
  5. Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny, who became the commander of the Red Army after the revolution, was awarded even 5 times. Having received an award of 4 degrees, he was soon stripped of it for hitting a senior in rank. But, later he received the St. George crosses of all 4 degrees.
  6. In the USSR, Budyonny was also awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In addition to him, six more complete St. George Knights deserved such an award.
  7. General of the Russian army Mikhail Andreevich Miloradovich in 1913 for the battle of Leipzig received the soldier's St.George Cross for fighting in the same ranks with his subordinates. Miloradovich died in December 1825 on Senate Square - the Decembrist Kakhovsky shot him.
  8. The lower rank, awarded with the St.George Cross, received an addition to the salary by a third. After being awarded a cross of the next degree - another third. Thus, the salary of the full Knights of St. George was doubled. After the death of the recipient, the heirs received his salary for one year.
  9. Among those awarded the Cross of St. George is the cornet Alexander Andreevich Alexandrov, who saved the wounded officer. In fact, under this name was hiding the cavalry girl Nadezhda Andreevna Durova, who then rose to the rank of staff captain.
  10. Interestingly, the Minister of War Alexander Fedorovich Kerensky received the St. George Cross in 1917. Moreover, the rewarding turned out to be quite interesting. A certain DA Vinogradov, who served in the 3rd Caucasian Army Corps, decided to give Kerensky his award as a sign of merit "for the freedom of the Land of Ruskoy." A delegation of the regiment arrived in Petrograd to present the St. George Cross. The same decision was made at a meeting of the 8th Zaamur regiment. Kerensky was awarded a 4th degree cross with engraving. But, Alexander Fedorovich handed the award to General Brusilov, saying that he did not consider himself worthy, since he did not fight on the fronts of the First World War.