The bow was invented in ancient times. Naturally, it is simply impossible to give an exact date. And the first written evidence of the use of bows and arrows in combat conditions date back to 2340 BC. This record was found on Babylonian clay tablets.
In 1792, an unusual competition between archers and musketeers took place in England. They fired 20 shots each from a distance of 100 yards. It turned out that 16 arrows hit the target and only 12 bullets. Experienced archers are capable of hitting a target 12 times in one minute from this distance. Until now, the Royal Guard includes the Scottish Archers Brigade. They guard the monarch during his visits to Scotland.
British monarchs have always respected well-aimed archers. No wonder, in 1457, James II officially banned the Scots from playing golf, believing that this fun distracts men from a more useful activity - training in archery. Doctors say that the archer's skeleton was very different from all others: the bone of the right hand was much denser due to constant exercise.
Strangely, it was in such a men's sport as archery that women were eligible to participate in the Olympic Games, starting in 1904. And in the team competition, among the winners was Jesse Pollock, a respectable lady at the age of 64.
In 1920, archery was dropped from the Olympic Games program. The athletes used bows of a wide variety of models, which made the competition difficult. They returned this sport only half a century later - in 1972, when a single model of the projectile was developed for all participants.
In ancient China, aristocrats had to be fluent in the Six Arts - knowledge of rituals, music, mathematics, reading and writing, the ability to drive a chariot and shoot a bow well.
In the same China, for many centuries, from generation to generation, the legend has been passed on how the commander Lü Bu was able to stop hostilities with just one arrow. He happened to be present at the negotiations of two generals who were preparing to push their armies against each other. Lü Bu offered them an unusual bet: he would hit the point of the halberd with an arrow from a distance of several hundred paces. In this case, the battle is canceled. The generals agreed, laughing at the archer. Lü Bu calmly pierced the target with an arrow, preventing bloodshed.
In Russia, the bow was also widely used both for military operations and for hunting. In Western chronicles, there are references to the fact that Russian archers could pierce even the iron armor of European knights.
In 1979, Drake Harry set the world record for archery range. The fired arrow flew to a distance of 1410 meters 87 centimeters. The record holder used a model bow, the string of which is pulled with the help of his legs. This technique was widely used by Chinese archers during the reign of the Qin dynasty.
In real combat, the bow was used not so long ago. For example, during the Second World War, a certain Jack Churchill served in the British army, who preferred the bow of all types of weapons. And I used it quite successfully.