There is only one Jewish state and 60 Muslim countries.
For over 3, 000 years, Jerusalem has been the Jewish capital. In 1099, the Crusaders founded the Kingdom of Jerusalem here. However, already in 1187 Salah-ad-Din took Jerusalem, and in 1291 the last fortress of the crusaders, Akra, fell. In 1260, Palestine passed into the hands of the Mamluk dynasty. Even when the Jordanians occupied Jerusalem, they did not intend to make it their capital, and Arab leaders never came to visit it.
Jerusalem is mentioned over 700 times in the Tanakh, the Hebrew Holy Scripture, but it is never mentioned in the Qur'an.
Jews pray facing Jerusalem. Muslims pray with their faces to Mecca (often with their backs to Jerusalem).
In 1854, Jews made up two-thirds of the holy city's population.
In 1922, Jews were banned from settling in nearly 77 percent of Palestinian territories.
Resolution of the UN General Assembly No. 181/11 of November 29, 1947, which gave Jews the right to create their own state, was not recognized by the Arab countries and was not implemented by them, seven Arab states immediately declared war against Israel. Since the end of the Arab-Israeli War of 1947-1949. and until 1967 Israel was constantly attacked by Palestinian militants ("fedayeen") from the territories occupied by Egypt and Jordan, as a result of which more than 450 of its citizens were killed
850, 000 Jewish refugees were forced to flee Arab countries due to persecution and pogroms.
Under Jordanian rule, Jewish holy sites were desecrated, 58 synagogues in Jerusalem were destroyed, and Jews and Christians were denied access to the holy sites. Under Israeli rule, all Muslim and Christian holy sites were preserved and were open to people of all faiths.