In general, it is customary to call law enforcement officers strange klikuhi in almost every country. So, in France, police are called flick (from the word flic, which stands for Federation Legale des Idiots Casques or, translated into Russian, "Legal Federation of Idiots in Helmets"). The Germans call their cops bulls (Bulle) because they are so strong and stubborn. Italians call their guardians of order sbirro (from the word birrum - red cloak). Once upon a time, their cops wore red uniforms and since then this name has stuck to them.
The word MENT is pronounced by almost all citizens as an offensive expression, but, in fact, it came from the division and reduction of the word under the jargon "Document" ("Doku" "cop"). After all, it is the documents that first of all the police require to present from suspicious individuals. There is also a version that the word cop came to us from the Polish language, where “mente” means a soldier, or its source was the word “mentik” - a watchman. In Hungarian, the same “mente” means a cloak or a cape, just such capes were given to police officers in Austria-Hungary.
Slang word GARBAGE comes from the abbreviation ICC - Moscow Criminal Investigation. Then the organization was renamed MUR, but the word "rubbish" remained. According to another version, the word garbage comes from the English version of MY COP, that is, MY POLICE OFFICER in translation.
PHARAOH - so disrespectfully ironic they called the policeman in the end. 19 - early. 20th century The expression may have arisen from the immobility, impassivity of the policemen who were on duty and accustomed to the bustle of the street.
Also, police officers are sometimes called LEFT, due to the fact that earlier the agents of the criminal investigation for disguise wore the stripes of the hunting society with the image of a cop dog.
Some believe that the name COP derives from the eight-pointed copper star once worn by New York police officers. Copper sounds like this in English: "copper". Others believe that "cop" is the first letter of the English phrase "Constable on Patrol" (literally, a constable on patrol).
In 1829 Sir Robert Peel organized the London Police, headquartered in Scotland Yard. And from the short name of the founder and first police chief Sir Robert Peel - Bob - the English police began to be called BOBBY.