There are a lot of proverbs and sayings about Moscow. Moreover, some of them have such a long history that it is not at all easy to get to the bottom of the origins. Here are just some of the sayings about Moscow and the most popular versions of their origins.
"Moscow does not believe in tears". Many probably believe that this phrase "went to the people" after the release of the famous film by Vladimir Menshov. But this is absolutely not the case - the saying appeared much earlier. This happened in the era of the strengthening of the Moscow principality, when many estates lost their independence and had to regularly pay large sums of money to Moscow. The petitioners went to the capital, trying to assure the Grand Duke that the "dachshund" was unbearable. But, these prayers did not give much results. This is how the conviction appeared that Moscow does not believe in tears.
"Moscow burned out from a penny candle". For many centuries, most of the buildings in Moscow were made of wood. And this threatened that any, even the most insignificant, fire could destroy a significant part of the city. For example, a terrible fire in 1365 arose from the fact that a burning lamp fell in the Church of All Saints. And the cause of the fire in 1493 was a candle left unattended in the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker on the Sands. By the way, it is in connection with this event that the documents first mention the Arbat, where the temple was located.
"Moscow kicks off its toe". Perhaps one of the most mysterious sayings about Moscow. Indeed, it is difficult to understand who and when was hit in Moscow "off the toe"? Perhaps the most logical explanation is put forward by sports historians: in Moscow, as well as throughout Russia, fist fights and wrestling were popular. And one of the most effective techniques of the Moscow wrestlers was carried out as follows: the opponent had to be squinted to the right side and the toe of his right foot knocked out his left leg. In an instant, the enemy was knocked to the ground.
"Kudykina Gora". It turns out that this expression has the most direct relation to Moscow. Near Moscow there were two villages named Kudykino and Gora. They entered the Kudykinskaya volost. Both settlements have survived to this day. In the village of Kudykino, Orekhovo-Zuevsky district, there are now just over 100 residents. And this village is part of the rural settlement of Gorskoye.
"Moscow white stone". In the vicinity of Moscow, limestone was mined, or, as it was called, the Myachkovo stone (in that area there was the village of Myachkovo). In the XIV century, the walls of the Kremlin were erected from this limestone, which, indeed, were white stone. A century and a half later, during the reign of Ivan III, a large-scale restructuring took place, red brick was already used for the walls. But, the name is firmly rooted in the people's memory. In addition, the walls were whitewashed until the 19th century, pursuing two goals - better preservation of bricks and a tribute to tradition.
"Moscow is under the mountain in all of Russia - everything is rolling into it". Despite assurances that Moscow stands "on seven hills, " many joked that the ancient capital was under a mountain. This is understandable - after all, for many years Moscow has combined the functions of not only a political center, but also a spiritual and economic one. For more than two centuries the capital was located in St. Petersburg, but in 1918 Moscow restored the status of the main city of the country.
"Moscow - the port of five seas". Indeed, the Moscow-Volga canal linked the capital with the White, Baltic, Black, Azov and Caspian Seas. This was a tremendous achievement for Soviet hydraulic engineering.