Who lives beyond the "101st kilometer" and where are "places not so distant"

Of course, everyone heard the expression “send for the 101st kilometer”. And, meanwhile, this is not a figurative expression at all. For many years this method of limiting rights really existed in our country. For example, even in tsarist Russia, people of dubious behavior were forbidden to settle in the two largest cities of the country: St. Petersburg and Moscow. This category also included persons suspected of revolutionary activity.

Surprisingly, the Bolsheviks, having taken power, also decided not to abandon this tradition. During the years of the reign of Joseph Vissarionovich, more than three million citizens of the USSR did not have the right to live not only in Moscow and Leningrad, but also in the capitals of the union republics, as well as in closed cities. They were strictly advised not to approach them closer than 100 kilometers.

Who fell under this restriction? Parasites, politically unreliable persons, beggars, prostitutes and other categories of citizens whose behavior caused distrust of the relevant authorities. Especially "antisocial" personalities got it on the eve of big holidays. For example, the 800th anniversary of Moscow in 1947, the festival of youth and students in 1957, the Olympics - 80.

Many famous people in our country, who did not have a great love for Soviet power, passed through the 101st kilometer. The famous poet Joseph Brodsky spent 2 years in a remote village in the Arkhangelsk region, and in 1980 the physicist Andrei Sakharov was chosen as his place of residence, Gorky, he was able to return to the capital only during perestroika. By the way, it was in the era of perestroika that the deportation for the 101st kilometer, as a punishment, was stopped.

No less interesting is the history of the appearance of the expression “places not so distant”. Moreover, it appeared much earlier than the "101st kilometer". In the "Code on Punishments", approved in 1845 by Emperor Nicholas I, exile to Siberia was of two types. Depending on the severity of the crime, the exiled could be sent both to "remote regions of Siberia" and to "places not so remote." Gradually, this phrase acquired an ironic connotation, and they began to say about a person who had gone to jail, “got to places not so distant”. Even the famous Russian satirist M. Ye. Saltykov-Shchedrin wrote in one of his works that “travel to places not so distant is not only not harmful, but even not without benefit for young people can be tolerated”.