I am sure that more than half of average citizens do not know how to write MIGRANT, EMIGRANT or IMMIGRANT correctly. It turns out that this is not one, but as many as three words that are close in meaning, but different in meaning, which are often used incorrectly, which in some cases can lead to misunderstanding. Let's figure out together how these words differ and what do they all have in common.
MIGRANT - one who, for one reason or another, leaves his usual place of residence and goes to get a job for a new one, or spends time in endless journeys. The word comes from the Latin verb migrare - to move from one place to another. From this generalized concept, the two remaining words originated.
An emigrant is a person who leaves his homeland to live in a foreign land. That is, he emigrates to another country. The prefix ex means "out": emigrare - move out, move off.
But an IMMIGRANT is one who lived in another country, and now came to yours. The word is formed with the prefix im- - "in, inside": imigrare - move in, drive in.
In general, the distinction can be boiled down to "emigrate to" and immigrate from. "When you are an emigrant, you emigrate to. If you are an immigrant, you immigrated from. In practice, you can be both, which causes confusion.
Finally, it is worth noting that in the word "emigrant" one letter "m" is written, in "immigrant" - two letters "m".