In 1975, the Soyuzmultfilm studio released a cult cartoon, which received more than 35 international and all-Union awards. As you already understood, it was "Hedgehog in the Fog".
A year later, at the All-Union Festival of Animated Films in Frunze and at the Festival of Films for Children and Youth in Tehran, the cartoon received the first awards for the best animation. And after almost three decades, he was recognized as the best cartoon of all time according to the results of a survey of 140 film critics and cartoonists from different countries.
The script is based on the fairy tale of the same name by Sergei Kozlov, and the cartoon was shot by Soviet animator Yuri Norshtein. According to one version, he copied the portrait of a hedgehog from the profile of Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, at least the writer mentioned this in her memoirs.
The roles were voiced by Maria Vinogradova (Hedgehog), Vyacheslav Innocent (Bear) and Alexey Batalov (narrator). The entire creative group of "Hedgehog" - no more than 10 people. But what!
Pencils, paints, paper, heavy clumsy equipment, film and light - that's all that the creators of the cartoon had. Despite this, the scenery in "The Hedgehog" - fog and water, was filmed in a revolutionary style for that time. They filmed real water and placed it in painted leaves through a projector. After that, the image of water was shaded to achieve a single texture.
“I once gave a lecture in America to hundreds of animators, artists, computer graphics specialists. I was asked questions and inevitably got to the fog. I put the Hedgehog figurine on a white background, and on it - the finest tracing paper. It is almost transparent, and when it lies right in the picture, it is not noticeable. Raise it - and the figure is seen worse. The projection went to the screen. As soon as these people saw the Hedgehog blurred in the fog, they were shocked. I several times raised and lowered the tracing paper for an encore ... ", - the author recalls.
In January 2009, in Kiev, at the intersection of Zolotovorotskaya, Reitarskaya and Georgievsky lane streets, a monument to the Hedgehog was erected. The figure of the Hedgehog is made of wood, screws served as thorns. He is depicted sitting with a bundle on a high stump.
The Hedgehog in the Fog is also popular abroad: in October 2009, a parody of this cartoon was used in the episode "Spies Reminiscent of Us" of the American animated series Family Guy.
The popularity of the character led to the emergence of a number of cartoons based on other fairy tales by Sergei Kozlov ("How the Hedgehog and the Teddy Bear Met the New Year", "If the Stars Fall", "Hello!", "Winter's Tale", "Autumn Ships", "Amazing Barrel", “How the Hedgehog and the Bear Cub changed the sky”, etc.).