Nikolai Nekrasov's mother, Elena Zakrevskaya, was from a wealthy family, and she married the lieutenant Alexei Nekrasov against the will of her parents, who did not agree to marry her well-bred daughter to a poor and poorly educated army officer. However, this marriage was not happy. Remembering his childhood, the poet always spoke of his mother as a sufferer, a victim of a despotic husband. He dedicated a number of poems to his mother - "The Last Songs", the poem "Mother", "The Knight for an Hour", in which he painted a bright image of the mother.
The future great poet was born on November 28 (December 10 in a new style), 1821, in the family of a small local nobleman, in the town of Nemirov, Podolsk province. He spent his childhood in the village of Greshnevo, the family estate of his father, a man with a power-hungry character, who oppressed not only serfs, but also his family.
In all the familiar textbook version of Nekrasov's biography, many new facts have appeared, which supplement the story about the poet by researchers of his life and work. What's new about Nekrasov? Nikolai Alekseevich fought against serfdom, but at the same time owned hundreds of souls. He was very fond of luxury, was a drunken drunkard. Nekrasov was unrestrained not only in everyday life, he also used foul language in poetry. He was also a gambler.
Nikolai Alekseevich became a gambler already, being an adult and a famous writer. And as a child, he played with the courtyards. But when the father decided that his son should join the army, the future famous poet fled from the priest to Petersburg, where he entered the Faculty of Philology at the University of St. Petersburg as a free listener. He didn't even have enough money for food. The case helped. Belinsky drew attention to Nekrasov and brought him to the house of the writer Panayev. Nikolai Alekseevich did not know how to behave in this society, was awkward, shocked the ladies present with his poems.
Life improved over time, Nekrasov began to give lessons and print small articles in the Literary Supplement to the Russian Invalid and Literaturnaya Gazeta. In addition, he composed alphabets and fairy tales in verse for popular printers, wrote vaudeville for the Alexandrinsky Theater (under the name of Perepelsky). Nekrasov became interested in literature. For several years he worked diligently on prose, poetry, vaudeville, journalism. In 1838, Nekrasov's first poem "Life" was published.
In 1840, the collection Dreams and Sounds was published. When Belinsky criticized the collection, he was worried and began to buy up all copies of the book in order to destroy them. Later this edition became very rare. The years passed quickly, Nekrasov was already in charge of the Sovremennik magazine. We must give him his due - the magazine thrived under the able leadership. The Narodniks learned his poems by heart. On a personal level, things were going well too - Nikolai Alekseevich recaptured his wife from Panaev. His wealth increased, the poet started a coachman and a footman.
In the fifties, he began to frequent the English Club and play with enthusiasm. Panaeva warned him that this activity would not lead to any good, but Nikolai Alekseevich self-confidently answered: “In what else I lack character, and in cards I am a stoic! I will not lose! But now I'm playing with people who don't have long nails. " And this remark was made for a reason, because there was an instructive incident in Nekrasov's life. Once the poet Afanasyev-Chuzhbinsky dined with the poet, he was famous for his well-groomed long nails. This man put Nikolai Alekseevich around his finger. As long as the stakes were small, the famous poet won. But as soon as he increased the rate to twenty-five rubles, luck turned away from him, and in one hour of the game Nekrasov lost a thousand rubles. Checking the cards after the game, the owner found that they were all marked with a sharp fingernail. After this incident, Nekrasov never played with people with sharp, long nails.
Nekrasov annually set aside up to twenty thousand rubles for the game, and then, playing, he tripled this amount. And only after that the big game began. But in spite of everything, Nikolai Alekseevich had an amazing capacity for work, and this allowed him to live in a big way. It must be admitted that not only royalties made up his income. Nekrasov was a successful player. His winnings reached up to one hundred thousand silver. Caring for the people's happiness, he never missed his own.
Like all gamblers, Nikolai Alekseevich believed in omens, and this led to an accident in his life. It is usually considered bad omen for gamblers to borrow money before playing. And it was just before the game that Ignatius Piotrovsky, an employee of Sovremennik, had to turn to Nekrasov with a request to give him three hundred rubles as a salary. Nikolai Alekseevich refused the petitioner. Piotrovsky tried to persuade Nekrasov, he said that if he did not receive this money, he would put a bullet in his forehead. But Nikolai Alekseevich was relentless, and the next morning he learned about the death of Ignatius Piotrovsky. It turned out that he owed only a thousand rubles, but he was threatened with a debt prison. The young man chose death over shame. All his life Nekrasov remembered this incident and was painfully worried.
Nekrasov recaptured his wife from his friend the writer Ivan Panaev. I must say that most of the writers fell in love with Avdotya Panaeva. Dostoevsky also confessed his love to her, but she chose Nekrasov. They began to live in a civil marriage in the apartment of the Panaevs, moreover, together with Avdotya's legal husband, Ivan Panaev. Such an alliance lasted almost 16 years, until the death of Panayev. All this caused public condemnation - they said about Nekrasov that he lives in someone else's house, loves someone else's wife, and at the same time rolls scenes of jealousy to his legal husband. During this period, even many friends turned away from him. But, despite this, Nekrasov and Panaeva were happy ...
Then Nekrasov converges with the windy Frenchwoman Selina Lefren. Having squandered a fair part of Nikolai Alekseevich's fortune, she left for Paris.
The last woman in Nekrasov's life was nineteen-year-old Fekla Anisimovna Viktorova, whom for some reason he called Zinaida. By this time, Nikolai Alekseevich drank a lot. Six months before his death, which came from rectal cancer, Nekrasov married Zinaida. She looked after him until the last minutes and was always there. The poet died on December 27, 1877, leaving a legacy of his ingenious creations, which still excite readers.