Grapes play a huge role in the economy of both individual cities and entire states. Therefore, the image of a bunch of grapes or a vine is quite common in heraldry. To be convinced of this, it is enough to look at the coats of arms of such cities as Tashkent, Samarkand, Kutaisi, Uzhgorod, Izium, Inkerman. The grapes also adorned the coats of arms of four republics of the former Soviet Union: Armenian, Georgian, Moldavian and Turkmen.
12 interesting facts about grapes
- The first grape plantation in Moscow appeared in the 17th century during the reign of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. A vineyard was laid out in Izmailovo, the area of which was 16 acres. Elder Filaret was invited to take care of him from the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. At that time, the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was famous for its vineyards. Thanks to the works of Filaret, the garden lasted until 1691. Previously, grapes had to be brought to the capital from Astrakhan. True, Moscow grapes were grown more for beauty, they were much inferior to the southern ones in taste.
- Grapes have an amazing ability to remove toxins from the body. Therefore, even in Ancient Greece and Rome, it was used for poisoning. And medics of the Middle Ages advised to regularly use grapes for heart disease, obesity and large blood loss. Modern scientists claim that grapes perfectly strengthen blood vessels, improve brain function.
- Grape wine was used in Ancient Egypt in the 4th millennium BC. And in the ancient Greeks, dozens of varieties of wine were already made. True, its excessive use was condemned, it was recommended to dilute the wine with water. It takes about 600 grapes to make one bottle of wine.
- In 1998, scuba divers accidentally discovered several bottles of champagne at the bottom, which, as it turned out, were made in 1907, but were lost during transportation. Each of the bottles is estimated at a solid amount - $ 275, 000.
- The Grape Festival is held annually in the Australian city of Middle Swan. It begins with a team competition: participants climb into a huge barrel and run in a circle, trying to squeeze out as much juice as possible. And then individual fights take place, everyone fights for himself, trying to throw grapes at opponents.
- Phyloxera is the most dangerous of all grape pests. This small insect, which is only about 1 millimeter long, is capable of destroying entire vineyard plantations. It is because of this pest that many grape varieties have simply disappeared. The homeland of phylloxera is North America, but back in the 19th century, the insect ended up in Europe, causing huge damage to the local vineyards.
- The vine helped the rebellious slaves led by Spartacus to break out of the siege of the Roman army. The slaves were at the top of Vesuvius, they managed to weave stairs from a vine of grapes, which grew here in abundance. At night, the rebels secretly descended from the sheer cliffs and unexpectedly attacked the Roman camp.
- An interesting New Year's tradition has existed in Spain and Portugal for many centuries: at midnight, to the chimes, you need to eat twelve grapes, one for each blow. At the same time, you still need to have time to make twelve wishes.
- At the moment, the oldest fruiting vine in the world grows in Slovenia, it is already 440 years old. If desired, you can find more ancient plants, but they no longer bear fruit. And another record-holder vine grows in Australia. despite the fact that no one cares for her, she regularly gives a good harvest. For example, in 1936, two and a half tons of grapes were harvested. And the largest bunch weighed more than six kilograms.
- During archaeological excavations in Georgia, vessels were discovered in which, as the analysis showed, grape wine was stored. These findings will allow Georgia to be considered the birthplace of winemaking, since the vessels were made about eight thousand years ago. Earlier, the most ancient wine containers were found in Iran. But they are younger than the Georgian ones by a couple of thousand years.
- Dried grapes are called raisins. It was known in our country for a very long time, it is assumed that since the era of Ancient Russia. Perhaps it was imported from Byzantium, since raisins can be stored for a long time. The nobility used it to prepare lean dishes. For example, for Patriarch Adrian in the 17th century, they cooked "warmed zvarets with millet and raisins."
- A bunch of grapes grown in Ishikawa prefecture, Japan, sold for $ 910. This unique variety is called Ruby Roman. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that each berry has a size comparable to a table tennis ball. It took Japanese breeders 14 years to develop this variety. According to them, "Ruby Roman" has not only unusual dimensions, but also has an excellent taste.