Many Russians consider buckwheat their national food, because in no other country in the world has it received such distribution as in Russia. Meanwhile, the native land of buckwheat is considered to be North India, where it was called "black rice". Is there a connection between the words "Greece" and "buckwheat"? There is, and the most direct one. From India, buckwheat came to Byzantium, and then it became known to the Slavic tribes, thanks to the Greek monks and merchants.
In Russia, buckwheat quickly gained popularity due to its unique taste and high nutritional value. It was called the food of the heroes. And during the time of the great commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov, buckwheat was the basis of the soldier's diet.
In the United States, buckwheat is practically not eaten, but this cereal is sometimes found in stores. The main buyers are Russian émigrés and tourists, who remain committed to their favorite dish overseas.
Biologists say that buckwheat is an environmentally friendly product. It cannot be genetically modified. In addition, buckwheat does not need chemical fertilizers and grows well without them. True, the yield of this crop is low, 8-10 centners per hectare, while rice yields at least 60 centners from the same area. Perhaps that is why buckwheat has not become widespread in Asia. But in Russia, almost half of the world's buckwheat crop is produced.
At one time, a lot of buckwheat was grown in England. Mainly because of the buckwheat honey that was sold to France. And most of the cereal itself went to feed the pheasants. Buckwheat honey was popular in our country as well. It was said to be good for anemia and give the face a healthy glow. It is not difficult to distinguish such honey - it is the darkest of all types of honey.
An interesting fact that anyone can check. It is believed that if buckwheat is well ripened and properly dried, then a thousand grains will weigh exactly 20 grams. And not a gram more or less.
As mentioned above, buckwheat came to us from India, therefore, it is a thermophilic culture. They sowed it in Russia only when warm weather sets in and the earth warms up well. Not earlier than June 13, when the day of the Buckwheat Akulina was celebrated. It was believed that after this day, buckwheat can be sown any day, but no later than June 20, otherwise it will not have time to ripen before the onset of autumn frosts.
In Russia, this culture is called buckwheat. And what is it called in Greece itself? Quite differently - Turkish grain. And in Germany another name has taken root - "beech nut", since buckwheat grains really resemble the nuts of a beech tree in shape.
In tsarist Russia, buckwheat was very cheap, about half the price of wheat. Therefore, all segments of the population could afford buckwheat porridge. Vladimir Gilyarovsky, describing the life of old Moscow, mentioned the popular buckwheat - something between a pancake and a pie. Raw eggs were added to the viscous buckwheat porridge, laid out on a baking sheet and baked.
Traditional healers advise an original way to get rid of insomnia. You just need to fill the pillow with buckwheat husk. This not only improves sleep, but also perfectly relaxes the muscles of the neck, protects against pinching of the cervical nerve.