No one can say for sure where and when they first started producing whiskey. Some believe that this drink appeared in Ireland, others are sure that the knights-crusaders borrowed the recipe from the Arabs during the campaigns to the East. But, the word "whiskey" itself has a Celtic origin and, translated into Russian, means "water of life". By the way, the word "whiskey" is not inflected.
It is documented that already in the 15th century, whiskey was produced in Ireland and Scotland. There is a version that in these countries, whiskey began to be produced in order to process barley, which was nowhere to store in good years, and it could disappear due to dampness.
By the way, in 1579 in Scotland, the harvest was extremely low and the parliament of this country passed a special law, according to which the use of whiskey was allowed only to the nobility. Until 1846, no grain other than barley was allowed to make whiskey. After the abolition of this ban, corn, wheat and rye were used.
In Scotland, back in 1860, a law was passed, according to which real whiskey must be aged for at least three years, only after that the drink was bottled. In a bottle, a good whiskey retains its taste for 100 years. That is why investing in whiskey is considered a good investment: it is stored for a long time, and the price rises.
After World War II, whiskey began to be produced in the Soviet Union. The recipe was simple - alcohol, water, herbs and dyes. In 1973, a drink with the appropriate name - "Whiskey73" entered the counters of Soviet stores. True, he did not enjoy much popularity in the country, the taste left much to be desired, but the price, at that time, was solid - 4 rubles 20 kopecks (excluding the cost of dishes).
If the label says "whiskey", it means that the drink is produced in Scotland. If a
"Whiskey", then in any other country. The main whiskey producing countries are Ireland, Great Britain (Scotland), Canada, USA and Japan. An interesting fact - France is considered one of the centers of cognac production, but whiskey in this country is much more popular.
In Scotland, it is customary to age whiskey in sherry barrels. There is an explanation for this: in the XVIII-XIX, sherry was very popular in England. Thrifty Scots bought up empty barrels at a reasonable price and used them already in the production of whiskey.
Doctors say that regular intake of whiskey in moderate doses (50-100 g per day) can reduce the risk of heart disease. However, consuming whiskey in large quantities will lead to the opposite.
In the United States, during Prohibition, whiskey was the only alcoholic beverage that was allowed to be sold. True, only in pharmacies and exclusively as a medicine.
It is believed that whiskey should be drunk with ice. This tradition came from the South of the United States, where the climate was hot, therefore, cold whiskey was more pleasant to drink. But, gourmets assure that ice simply kills the unique aroma of real whiskey.