Black caviar is produced by sturgeon, beluga, stellate sturgeon and thorn. And the European name for caviar comes from the Turkish havyar, that is, caviar.
Traditionally, black caviar is considered a primordially Russian delicacy, since sturgeon spawns in the basins of the Caspian and Black Seas. The main fishing grounds are the Amur and Danube rivers.
Regardless of the color, caviar contains roughly the same set of nutrients. The high price of black caviar is explained not so much by the better quality as by the declining population of sturgeon fish. The larger and lighter the grain of sturgeon caviar, the higher it is valued.
Truly "golden" is the Almas beluga caviar, which is mined by the Iranian company of the same name. Such caviar is obtained only from the beluga, which has already “celebrated” its centenary. This caviar has a white color, amazing taste, and its cost exceeds twenty thousand dollars per kilogram. It is packed in jars of real gold.
But you need to eat black caviar exclusively with silver cutlery! And this is due to the fact that contact with spoons made of any other metal changes the taste of caviar for the worse. There are no silver spoons - then smear it on sandwiches :)
In the Soviet years, antiseptic preservatives were used to increase the shelf life of sturgeon caviar: boric acid and sodium tetraborate. Thanks to this, the caviar could be stored for up to 4 months. Everything would be nice, but borax has a drawback: it is a carcinogen. The poison is in the royal delicacy, but it was impossible to refuse to use this poison. It was only in 1994, after many years of work, that scientists found a safe, effective alternative to borax. However, many caviar processing and exporting companies still use this toxic preservative.
The director of the film "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession" Leonid Gaidai wanted all the food at the tsar's feast to be real, not fake. And he invested his own funds in this, spending about 200 rubles on delicacies - the average salary in the USSR. By the way, the cost of one jar of caviar in the USSR was only 5 rubles, which is comparable to the price of a bottle of vodka, but it was nowhere to be found.
Charlie Chaplin was a big lover of black caviar. Once he was paid an unusual fee: 4 kilograms of black game.
Black caviar is the strongest aphrodisiac. It contains a record amount of vitamins, minerals and trace elements that contribute to the correct metabolism, rapid recovery of strength and increased sexual performance.
The biggest caviar purchase in history was made by singer George Benson. For 3 tons of caviar, which he bought for his 50th birthday, the singer paid $ 3 million.
More than three hundred tons of black caviar are sold annually on the world market, and half of the market is illegal. Because of the barbaric caviar production over the past 15 years, the sturgeon population in the Caspian Sea has decreased 38.5 times.