In almost every summer cottage, you can find this thorny berry bush. Its small oval fruits have a sweet taste, and the color of gooseberries, depending on the variety, can be green, yellow, purple and even black.
The name of the gooseberry in many languages is puzzling. In English, gooseberry is called gooseberry, although some linguists believe that geese have nothing to do with it, and the word is borrowed from the Dutch name - Kruisbezie. In German, gooseberry literally means "Christ's turn." The Russian name is also an etymological mystery. Perhaps the gooseberry is related to the cross, as indicated by the obsolete root "kryzh". In the Belarusian language, gooseberry is called agrest. This word is borrowed from Italian through Polish and means "unripe bunch". Northern grapes - this is what the Italians called the gooseberry, who came to Russia during the time of Peter I.
By the way, kiwi is the fruit of a cultivated Chinese gooseberry (aka monkey peach or Chinese actinidia).
Interestingly, the gooseberry is a close relative of the currant. Yoshta is the result of crossing black currants and gooseberries.
If we talk about the history of the gooseberry, then it is unlikely that it will be possible to find legends or myths about it as about other plants: the ancient Greeks and Romans did not know about it, but in Europe it grew almost from prehistoric times - in a wild form.
The French tried to domesticate him, and they succeeded - either in the XIII or in the XVI century - there are different references to this. It has been observed that unripe gooseberries have a sour but pleasant taste and can significantly improve the taste of soups and sauces; mature ones become sweet and tasty, so it is better to eat them fresh.
French women, especially pregnant women, liked the gooseberry very much, and they began to plant it more often in gardens, and then the British also learned about its properties. The climate in England is humid, and quite warm for a northern country, so gooseberries began to gain weight there, and in 100 years they became about 4 times heavier, and besides, the British were actively engaged in its selection. In the 17th century, the Germans and the Dutch, and then the rest of Europe, learned about the gooseberry.
But in Russia, gooseberries became popular much earlier, but Europe did not pay attention to this: already in the 11th century it grew in monastery gardens, and at the beginning of the 18th century it was bred by aristocrats. In the 19th century, the British bred a large and sweet gooseberry, which quickly reached Russia; gradually small-fruited varieties were supplanted, and today gooseberries in our gardens are no less popular than currants - perhaps they are second only to strawberries.
American powdery mildew at the beginning of the last century destroyed almost all gooseberry plantings. Breeders, of course, have developed varieties that can withstand this disease, but the gooseberry has not regained its former popularity.
This berry contains a lot of pectins. These substances help the body to resist unfavorable ecology, remove toxins, toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body. The calorie content of gooseberries is 44 calories per 100 g of berries.
Green gooseberries are considered the most useful: they say about it that if you eat it right from the bush, you can get rid of the effects of radiation.