Durian is a tropical tree of the Malvaceae family. The name durian was born in Malaysia (translated as "thorn") with the suffix - an. The French call him durione, the Germans Durianbaum or Stinkfrucht. For over 600 years, the fruit has been cultivated in Malaysia, Indochina, India and southern Thailand. Very rare in South and Latin America. It grows mainly in a humid tropical lowland climate. Of the 30 varieties of plants, only 9 are edible. Each variety has a unique taste and aroma.
Durian fruits reach a diameter of up to 20 cm and a weight of up to 4 kg. They have a very hard shell and are covered with powerful spines that protect the contents of an unripe fruit from animals. The fruit opens with five valves, along the edge of which there are dark seeds with fleshy appendages - aryllus. Plucked fruit can only be stored for two to three days, so you can taste it only at home. Durian has a nutty-creamy taste with a pungent odor reminiscent of garlic, rotten fish and sewage.
Durian fruits, despite the disgusting smell that precludes their storage indoors, are considered the most valuable fruits in Southeast Asia and South America (in particular in Brazil). Locals say that the smell of durian evokes visions of hell, and the taste - heavenly delights.
Due to the unpleasant smell in Asian countries, it is sometimes forbidden to bring durian into public places, for example, in transport, in some hotels, shops, etc. There is even a special warning sign for tourists - durian, crossed out with a red line. This means that it is prohibited to enter the premises with an exotic fruit. After all, its "aroma" for a long time cannot be removed even with the help of cosmetics. In Thailand, this exotic is prohibited by law from exporting from the country, this is reported at the airports.
Durian is eaten by hand, breaking and taking out the pulp. Although, it is much more convenient to use a spoon (it is difficult to "wash off" the smell that has stuck in the skin). Locals wash down the fruit with salted water. Usually, it is poured into an empty bowl-shaped half of the shell.
Durian, called a "hot" fruit, increases the temperature in the stomach when consumed and, according to local residents, you do not need a blanket while sleeping.
Durian is not only tasty, but also very healthy. The fruit is very rich in vitamins, fats, carbohydrates (27, 09 g) and proteins. But, what is especially important - there is no cholesterol in it at all. The leaves of the plant contain hydroxytryptamine and mustard oil. Therefore, they are used as an effective antipyretic agent for infectious and colds. Durian leaf baths help with bile spills. The pulp of the fruit is an excellent anthelmintic and the seeds are helpful in treating diarrhea. The roots of the plant are used as an antiviral agent. The combination of minerals, vitamins, amino acids and sulfur can enhance the body's protective functions. But perhaps the most remarkable property of this exotic plant is the ability to increase potency.
Durian cannot be combined with alcoholic beverages: this can cause severe poisoning with subsequent complications. It is also not recommended for women during pregnancy and lactation. Durian is also contraindicated in case of individual intolerance to the body.