While traveling overseas (in New Zealand), I went to one of the coffee shops, where I tried to order myself a coffee. Considering that, besides the fact that coffee is masculine and it happens with sugar and milk, I did not know anything, after seeing a couple of dozen types of this drink, I could not make a choice, and the names did not tell me anything. To help novice coffee lovers not get screwed up when choosing coffee, I suggest this article for study. And this is how coffee happens:
Café con Leche - Portuguese or Spanish dark coffee with added sugar and milk.
Demi-crème - coffee with cream or milk in equal proportions.
Granita de Caffe - cold espresso served with ice.
Irish - coffee with alcohol and whipped heavy cream. Served in special irish - glasses.
Glisse - cool coffee with a scoop of ice cream. Served in an irish glass with a straw.
Doppio - espresso in a double portion.
Cappuccino - coffee with milk whipped into hot foam and fluffy silky milk-coffee foam ("hood"). It got its name thanks to the Capuchin monks, who, according to legend, were the first to come up with whipped milk in coffee. Cappuccino is the most popular drink in coffee shops. The usual serving is 150 ml. The recommended serving temperature is 60-70 degrees. Often, cappuccino coffee is sprinkled with cinnamon or cocoa.
Americano coffee, filter coffee, "Dropper", American, American coffee, regular coffee, made in a drip coffee maker, working according to the "gravitational" principle: hot water drips onto a funnel with a filter, in which there is ground coffee. Mostly Arabica is brewed. They drink Americano coffee from large mugs. Filter coffee is popular not only in America, but also in the Scandinavian countries.
Corretto coffee (corretto) - espresso with the addition of alcohol. In northern Italy, they prepare coretto - coffee with grappa in winter. In Ireland, they drink coffee with Irish whiskey to keep warm.
Turkish Rofe - black coffee with abundant foam. It is prepared in a conical vessel, the so-called turke or cezve, on sand, over an open fire, or on an electric stove. Spices such as cardamom, cinnamon, etc. are often used in cooking.
Latte - coffee cocktail, consisting of one part of espresso and two parts of warmed milk with foam. "Latte" (stress on the first syllable) - translated from Italian means milk. Serve latte coffee in an irish glass or in a tall glass with a straw. For aroma, when preparing hot and cold lattes, a variety of syrups are added, with the exception of citrus fruits, which can make the milk sour. Often, the foam on the surface of the drink is decorated with drawings. This is a whole art called latte art.
Latte macchiato (macchiato) - unmixed cappuccino where milk, milk foam and coffee are layered. Macchiato translated from Italian means "spotted". Served in a tall glass.
Lungo - coffee, less strong than espresso, due to more water in a cup (50-60 ml) with the same amount of ground coffee (7 gr.), But stronger than Americano. “Lungo” is translated from Italian as “long”.
Mocha - coffee with the addition of chocolate or, sometimes, oriental coffee.
Ristretto - espresso brewed in a smaller volume of water (7 gr. Coffee for 20-25 ml of water). The most concentrated and invigorating. It is drunk without sugar. It is considered a true Italian coffee and is translated as “strong”. Ristretto is served in an espresso cup with a glass of cold water. Several sips of water are taken before the first sip of coffee. Thus, dehydration of the body is prevented and the taste buds are washed.
Torre (toro) - a large portion of espresso covered with a cap of milk foam, which does not mix with coffee and rises above the edge of the cup by about 1, 5 - 2 cm. "Torre" in Italian means "tower ". Milk foam is drier and denser than cappuccino and holds its shape well. Served in a cappuccino cup.
French press coffee - coffee brewed in a "French press", in a device consisting of a heat-resistant glass cylinder with a piston - filter. Most often, arabica is brewed in the French press. Also preferred by Scandinavians and Americans.
Espresso (espresso) - strong black coffee, brewed with a coffee machine. There are two interpretations of the translation from Italian “espresso” - 1) “fast”, 2) “pressed”, “welded under pressure”. Espresso is considered the "king" of coffee. Its taste is based on a pleasant balance of acidity and bitterness and a sense of freshness and completeness of the taste. The standard portion of espresso coffee is 30-35 ml. The ideal espresso has a homogeneous, even, dense golden-nutty foam (cream). The thickness of the cream must be at least 2 mm. Serve espresso within the first one and a half minutes after preparation, drink quickly, in several sips, savoring the froth, sometimes sprinkled with powdered sugar. You can also mix the froth with the rest of the coffee before drinking, since the taste is concentrated in it.
Espresso con panna (conpanna) - espresso with a fluffy cap of whipped cream, sprinkled with ground cinnamon. “Kon panna” in Italian means “with cream”. Serve espresso con panna in a cappuccino cup.
Espresso macchiato (macchiato, macchiato) - a standard strong espresso, on which a drop of very delicate milk foam (about 15 ml) is placed on top with a bar spoon. This is a real Italian version, translated as "spotted" - in our coffee shops it is served less often.
Espresso Romano (romano) - espresso with lemon. Translated from Italian means "Roman". It is recommended to decorate Espresso Romano with a slice of lemon or a strip of lemon zest.