The history of the European potato begins from the day a Portuguese frigate docked at the pier of its home port after returning from South America. The sailors brought along with other overseas curiosities several dozen tubers. They gave the curious a taste of the boiled potato and told that it grows in the ground, almost without needing to care.
No crop has spread as quickly as potatoes. A few years later, it was cultivated in Spain, France, Germany, Holland. Peter I brought cartsfel to Russia, and since then they began to grow it on arable lands near Moscow. In 1765, even the State Senate met, preparing a decree on the widespread cultivation of this culture.
The value of the annual potato crop in the countries of the world now exceeds the value of the annual global production of gold and silver.