Vorobyovy Gory is the high right bank of the Moskva River, which is considered one of the "seven hills" on which Moscow stands. In some places, Vorobyovy Gory rise up to 80 meters above the river bed, this is one of the most beautiful places in our capital, a beautiful view of the city opens from here. It is not surprising that Vorobyovy Gory is one of the most visited places in Moscow.
This picturesque place got its name from the ancient village of Vorobyevo, the first documentary information about which dates back to the XIV century. Another name was also widespread - Vorobyovy Kruchi. In the second half of the 15th century, Ivan the Third became the owner of the area, since that time Vorobyovy Gory belonged to the grand ducal family for a long time. Moscow princes loved to visit here, and then tsars.
Peter the Great did not ignore Vorobyovy Gory. In his youth, he arranged an entertainment residence in the Vorobyevsky Palace. Muscovites were frightened by cannon fire, which the young tsar loved so much to amuse himself with. In 1707, Peter again visited Vorobyovy Gory. True, this time not for fun, he came here to inspect the country's first mirror factory. Moreover, the place for its construction was not chosen for nothing, Vorobyovy Gory was famous for its excellent quality sand.
The remains of the Sparrow Palace, the suburban residence of Russian monarchs, could be seen as early as the nineteenth century. By that time, they were greatly dilapidated, since the capital of the state had long been located in St. Petersburg, and monarchs did not often visit Moscow. Finally, the Vorobyevsky Palace was destroyed by a grand fire in 1812. During the restoration of Moscow, even the foundation of the palace was dismantled.
Already in the 15th century, a wooden church of the Life-Giving Trinity was located on the Sparrow Hills. By the nineteenth century, the temple was already dilapidated, in 1811 the construction of a stone church began. It is known that the next year, before the council in Fili, the great Russian commander M.I.Kutuzov prayed here. During the Moscow fire, the temple survived. During the Soviet period, the church was in a dilapidated state, but in recent years, restoration work has been carried out.
After the expulsion of Napoleon, it was here that the construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was planned, the foundation was even laid, but the local soil turned out to be unsuitable for the construction of such a huge temple, therefore, in 1826 it was decided to stop construction work. As a result, the temple was erected at the Prechistenskaya gate. Construction lasted for many years; the solemn consecration ceremony took place only on May 26, 1883.
Since the 19th century, Vorobyovy Gory has become a favorite vacation spot for Muscovites. The townspeople went here to rest with whole families. And in winter we went skiing from the mountains. It is not surprising that a ski jump was built here in 1936. And in 1953 a whole complex was opened, consisting of four springboards, where not only all-Union, but also international competitions were held.
In 1979, a monument to A.I. Herzen and N.P. Ogarev was unveiled on the Sparrow Hills. It is assumed that it was here in 1827, inspired by the example of the Decembrists, that the young men took an oath to devote themselves to the struggle for the liberation of the people. At least, this episode was described by Alexander Ivanovich Herzen himself in the book "Past and Thoughts".
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Moscow began to experience problems with water supply, as the city was growing rapidly, and Mytischensky could no longer cope with the increased needs. On September 1, 1900, the construction of the Vorobyevsky reservoir began, the work was completed two years later. The reservoir is located on the site of the former Vorobyevsky Palace. During the opening, it was decided that all Muscovites would be able to celebrate this event; they bought a bottle of champagne at the Krynkin restaurant and poured it into the tank.
For more than sixty years, the Sparrow Hills were called Lenin, in honor of the leader of the world proletariat, V.I.Lenin. At the same time, in everyday life, Muscovites continued to call this area Vorobyovy Gory. The historical name was returned only at the very end of the twentieth century, in 1999. The metro station also received the name "Vorobyovy Gory".
The main building of Moscow State University is the tallest of the seven Stalinist skyscrapers. Its height is just over 183 meters, and together with the spire - 240 meters. The construction of the building took four years - from 1949 to 1953. On September 1, 1953, the first school day for students was held here. Until almost the end of the twentieth century, the main building of Moscow University was the tallest in all of Europe.
Sparrow Hills are mentioned in the famous Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron. An article on the area says that from these mountains "a remarkably beautiful view of Moscow opens up." At that time, Vorobyovy Gory did not yet enter the city boundaries, but were located two miles from it.