Contrary to popular belief, the Cape of Good Hope is not the southernmost point of Africa, Cape Agulhas is located 155 kilometers southeast, this is where the south of the Black Continent is located. And the Cape of Good Hope is the southwestern outskirts of Africa.
12 interesting facts about the Cape of Good Hope
- The cape became known to Europeans in 1488, thanks to the Portuguese sailors. It was visited by an expedition led by the command of Bartolomeu Dias. Sailors were looking for a way to India along the coast of Africa. Moreover, the south of the continent did not welcome them, a violent storm raged, the team rebelled and refused to continue searching for India.
- Bartolomeu Dias named this place the Cape of Tempests, but the King of Portugal, João II, fearing that such a name might scare off sailors, ordered to call it differently - the Cape of Good Hope. Ten years later, in 1498, another Portuguese navigator, Vasco da Gama, continued the work of his predecessor, reaching the Indian coast. And the name Cape of Good Hope has become much more significant than the Cape of Tempests.
- The Cape of Good Hope is located on the Cape Peninsula in South Africa. Cape Town, the second largest city in South Africa, is located 50 kilometers north of the cape.
- In the middle of the 17th century, the Dutch arrived at the Cape of Good Hope and founded a settlement nearby, from which the city of Cape Town later grew. Here they sold food for the crews of passing ships, and also provided medical care to the sick. Cape Town currently has over three and a half million inhabitants.
- Who were the first Russians to visit southern Africa? It is believed that this happened in 1763, when Russian sailors who were part of the English ships of the East India Company landed here on their way to India. Even their names have been preserved in the documents: Timofei Kozlyaninov, Nikifor Poluboyarinov, Prokhor Alisov, Ivan Salmanov, Nikolai Tolubeev and Fyodor Dubasov.
- From Moscow to the Cape of Good Hope there are almost fourteen and a half thousand kilometers. But before the village with exactly the same name - only 250. It turns out that in the Sasovsky district of the Ryazan region there is a settlement of the Cape of Good Hope. It was founded at the end of the 18th century, before the revolution it was called the Poltevy Penkovsky Vyselki. And in Soviet times, in the era of mass renaming, it received such a romantic name.
- According to legend, in 1641, not far from the Cape of Good Hope, a Dutch ship was wrecked. Since then, the ghost ship "The Flying Dutchman" is doomed to eternal wandering on the seas. The legend is spread among sailors that the meeting with the "Flying Dutchman" is a harbinger of tragic events. In 1939, many newspapers around the world reported that the ship was seen by vacationers on the beaches of South Africa.
- Bartolomeu Dias, the discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope, died in these places himself. His ship disappeared without a trace off the southern outskirts of Africa on May 29, 1500, the last time the sailors of other Portuguese ships saw him exactly at the cape, the discovery of which brought Bartholomew Dias world fame.
- In 1857, a lighthouse was erected on our cape in order to make navigation in these places safer. The first experiment was unsuccessful, the lighthouse turned out to be too high, clouds and fog covered it for a significant part of the time. In 1911, after the wreck of a Portuguese liner, it was decided to move the lighthouse to another location. Two years later, construction began, which lasted for six years. In the coastal waters are the wreckage of dozens of ships that have not been able to pass by Cape Tempest.
- One of the main attractions of the Cape of Good Hope is the reserve, which spreads over an area of 7750 hectares. It was organized back in 1938. There are more than 1, 000 species of plants alone, and most of them can be found only in South Africa. The fauna is also widely represented, penguins, zebras, antelopes live here, there is even a farm where ostriches are bred. The price of a ticket to the reserve also includes lunch, where an obligatory dish is an ostrich steak.
- Penguins can be found not only in Antarctica, there are many African penguins on the Cape of Good Hope. Their height can reach 70 centimeters, and their weight is 5 kilograms. They are able to cover huge distances at sea, developing speeds of up to 20 kilometers per hour. But African penguins, like all their relatives, cannot fly.
- The famous Russian writer Ivan Andreevich Goncharov in 1852 was appointed secretary of Admiral Evfimy Vasilyevich Putyatin. And he went on a sea expedition, which lasted more than two years. Goncharov kept a travel journal, on the basis of which he later wrote a book of essays "Frigate" Pallas ". In it you can find memories of a visit to the Cape of Good Hope in the spring of 1853. The ship was under repair for almost a month, therefore, Goncharov began studying the flora and fauna of these places.