The Sagasse Sea is an endless sea in the Atlantic Ocean, stretching from the Canary Islands to the west. This is a real kingdom of algae and stagnant, warm waters. Portuguese sailors called this place the Sargasso Sea because of the accumulation of air bubbles around the algae, similar in size and shape to the Sarga grape variety popular in Portugal.
10 interesting facts about the Sargasso Sea
- In 1492, Christopher Columbus was the first of the Europeans to cross the Sargasso Sea, which stretches for 5 thousand kilometers in latitude and 2 thousand kilometers in longitude. Its water is warm and salty. Despite the great depths (4-6 kilometers) and deep blue color, it is transparent, since the upper layer contains little plankton - small suspended organisms.
- The Sargasso Sea is one of the most dangerous and mysterious areas of the Atlantic Ocean. The area of this sea is 7 million square meters. kilometers, and it is within these limits that the terrifying Bermuda Triangle is located, where, as numerous legends say, ships, planes and other objects disappear. The depth of the water area is slightly more than 6 kilometers, and the water temperature at its depth is almost twice as high as the average for the World Ocean.
- The name of the Sargasso Sea dates back to the travels of Christopher Columbus, who is the founder of these waters. Sailing through these places, Columbus came across stagnant waters, wrapped in a dense layer of algae, at the top of which were seen incomprehensible berries. The captain of the ship and many of the crew members claimed that they felt like they were in a jar of seaweed, and they could not get away from these stringy plants.
- The Sargasso Sea is tacitly called the "Garbage Continent", since the amount of waste accumulated in this area is very large. This is due to the low mobility of the North Pacific system of currents, so debris simply cannot disappear from here naturally. About 20% of the waste is dumped into the sea from ships, the rest - from land.
- This is the only sea that does not have an earthly shore. There is a standing current here. In the east, the sea is washed by the Canary Current, in the south by the Passatnoye Current, and from the northwest there is the North Atlantic Current, and from the west the water area is washed by the well-known current of the Gulf Stream - these are the “borders” of the Sargasso Sea.
- The Bermuda Triangle is not mystic, but an explainable phenomenon. As we have already said, it is the Sargasso Sea that includes the infamous Bermuda Triangle, where ships and planes allegedly disappear. However, there is no mysticism in this, and this is explained by the almost constant calm in the sea. There is rarely a light breeze here, and it used to be disastrous to enter the open sea in such weather, especially for wooden ships. And since people could not always explain why the ships stop sailing and do not return home, they attributed everything to the "mysterious" triangle near Bermuda. The US Coastal Service also refutes the mysterious version, which for the entire time of its existence has not confirmed a single case of the inexplicable disappearance of a sea vessel or aircraft. All accidents and crashes were associated exclusively with technical malfunctions and bad weather conditions.
- The Sargasso Sea is also unique in that it does not have a constant mass, as is commonly believed near the mainland seas. The sea area is approximately 5 million square meters. kilometers, and the volume of water in it depends on the position of the currents, which are the formal boundaries of the reservoir.
- Once in the depths of the Sargasso Sea, a nuclear catastrophe almost happened, which could serve as the beginning of the atomic confrontation between the USSR and the USA. This happened because of the Soviet submarine, in which, while on alert in the waters of this sea, the engine compartment caught fire. The sailor Anatoly Preminin rushed to extinguish it, having coped with extinguishing the fire, but died due to burns. If not for his feat, the fire would have caused the detonation of atomic ammunition, the beginning of an environmental catastrophe for the United States, and it is not known what else all this would have led to.
- Interestingly, eels spawn in the Sargasso Sea. Young individuals along the Gulf Stream reach Europe, where they spend most of their lives in rivers. And for spawning they migrate again to the waters of the Sargasso Sea.
- The bottom of the Sargasso Sea is considered one of the largest natural burials of sea ships. Since after the discovery of North America and the Caribbean islands, a huge number of merchant ships passed through this territory, and the safety of these structures left much to be desired, sunken ships began to accumulate at the bottom of the Sargasso Sea. The vortex interweaving of currents and eddies did not allow small and poorly equipped ships to pass through the water area. Therefore, today, at the bottom of this sea, hundreds of ships are untouched, once carrying spices, precious metals, cereals, cattle.